The Effect of Ocean Acidification on Calcifying Organisms in Marine Ecosystems: An Organism-to-Ecosystem Perspective

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dc.contributor.author Hofmann, GE en
dc.contributor.author Barry, JP en
dc.contributor.author Edmunds, PJ en
dc.contributor.author Gates, RD en
dc.contributor.author Hutchins, DA en
dc.contributor.author Klinger, T en
dc.contributor.author Sewell, Mary en
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-23T01:02:09Z en
dc.date.issued 2010 en
dc.identifier.citation Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 41:127-147 2010 en
dc.identifier.issn 1543-592X en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/11742 en
dc.description.abstract Ocean acidification (OA), a consequence of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions, poses a serious threat to marine organisms in tropical, openocean, coastal, deep-sea, and high-latitude sea ecosystems. The diversity of taxonomic groups that precipitate calcium carbonate from seawater are at particularly high risk. Here we review the rapidly expanding literature concerning the biological and ecological impacts of OA on calcification, using a cross-scale, process-oriented approach. In comparison to calcification, we find that areas such as fertilization, early life-history stages, and interaction with synergistic stressors are understudied. Although understanding the long-term consequences ofOAare critical, available studies are largely shortterm experiments that do not allow for tests of long-term acclimatization or adaptation. Future research on the phenotypic plasticity of contemporary organisms and interpretations of performance in the context of current environmental heterogeneity of pCO2 will greatly aid in our understanding of how organisms will respond to OA in the future. en
dc.language EN en
dc.publisher ANNUAL REVIEWS en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1543-592X/ en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.subject acclimation en
dc.subject adaptation en
dc.subject calcification en
dc.subject carbon dioxide en
dc.subject climate change en
dc.subject synergistic stressors en
dc.subject COCCOLITHOPHORID EMILIANIA-HUXLEYI en
dc.subject CARBON-DIOXIDE CONCENTRATIONS en
dc.subject RAPID CLIMATE-CHANGE en
dc.subject DEEP-SEA en
dc.subject CORAL-REEF en
dc.subject SOUTHERN-OCEAN en
dc.subject SEAWATER ACIDIFICATION en
dc.subject PLANKTONIC-FORAMINIFERA en
dc.subject REDUCED CALCIFICATION en
dc.subject FERTILIZATION SUCCESS en
dc.title The Effect of Ocean Acidification on Calcifying Organisms in Marine Ecosystems: An Organism-to-Ecosystem Perspective en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.110308.120227 en
pubs.begin-page 127 en
pubs.volume 41 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: ANNUAL REVIEWS en
pubs.end-page 147 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Review en
pubs.elements-id 179730 en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id Biological Sciences en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2012-02-16 en


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