Associations between frequent headaches, persistent smoking, and attempts to quit.

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dc.contributor.author Waldie, Karen en
dc.contributor.author McGee, RO en
dc.contributor.author Reeder, AI en
dc.contributor.author Poulton, R en
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-27T19:15:27Z en
dc.date.issued 2008 en
dc.identifier.citation Headache 48(4):545-552 Apr 2008 en
dc.identifier.issn 0017-8748 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/12124 en
dc.description.abstract Background.—Recent studies have found a strong relationship between tobacco smoking and headache pain. It remains unclear whether smoking behavior leads to headache or visa versa, mainly due to the cross-sectional nature of the majority of this research. Objective.—To help clarify the direction of the relation between smoking and frequent headaches in a representative cohort study. Design and Methods.—Members of the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study (N = 980) were asked about their cigarette smoking and headache history at ages 11 and 13 (childhood), age 15 (mid-adolescence), and age 26 (adulthood). Both cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between smoking and headache status were examined using logistic regression. Results.—During mid-adolescence, the likelihood of frequent headaches doubled for smokers relative to nonsmokers (OR: 2.16, 95% CI: 1.39-3.35). Smoking did not increase the risk of developing headaches in adulthood, however. In contrast, individuals who suffered from frequent headaches during mid-adolescence were 2 times more likely to smoke in adulthood than those without headache (OR: 2.20, 95% CI: 1.3-3.7), after controlling for sex and family socioeconomic status. Attempts to quit smoking were significantly more difficult for migraine sufferers with a history of headache than for those with tension-type headache. Conclusions.—Frequent headaches during mid-adolescence appear to increase the risk of daily smoking in adolescence and adulthood. These individuals also have a more difficult time quitting than their headache-free peers. en
dc.publisher Wiley-Blackwell en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Headache en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0017-8748/ en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Associations between frequent headaches, persistent smoking, and attempts to quit. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2007.01037.x en
pubs.issue 4 en
pubs.begin-page 545 en
pubs.volume 48 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Wiley-Blackwell en
dc.identifier.pmid 18218010 en
pubs.end-page 552 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 79804 en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id Psychology en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2010-09-01 en
pubs.dimensions-id 18218010 en


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