Transforming neurorehabilitation of walking following stroke: The promise of non-invasive brain stimulation - a review.

Show simple item record Rogers, LM en Madhavan, S en Roth, H en Stinear, James en
dc.coverage.spatial Netherlands en 2012-03-01T20:26:38Z en 2011-01-01 en
dc.identifier.citation Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience 29(6):507-516 01 Jan 2011 en
dc.identifier.issn 0922-6028 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Purpose: This narrative review discusses the neurophysiology of human motor cortex as it influences gait, and recent advances in the application of non-invasive brain stimulation to the lower limb motor cortex of stroke survivors. Although walking is a high priority following stroke, the efficacy of promising new therapies has yet to warrant their widespread clinical use. For the upper limb, numerous brain stimulation protocols have been described. These protocols, adapted for the leg, are now being used to examine the cortical control of gait. This research discounts the long-held notion that "we walk from our spinal cords". Methods: Our review describes this research as it relates to the lower limb, especially the use of non-invasive brain stimulation to enhance neuroplasticity. The review also discusses the possible development of a prognostic algorithm for walking recovery after stroke. Conclusion: This review concludes with the expectation that novel brain stimulation protocols combined with therapy will eventually demonstrate a level of effectiveness sufficient to promote their wide acceptance in neurorehabilitation settings. en
dc.language eng en
dc.publisher IOS Press en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Transforming neurorehabilitation of walking following stroke: The promise of non-invasive brain stimulation - a review. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.3233/RNN-2011-0625 en
pubs.issue 6 en
pubs.begin-page 507 en
pubs.volume 29 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: IOS Press en
dc.identifier.pmid 22204927 en
pubs.end-page 516 en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 267510 en Science en Exercise Sciences en
dc.identifier.pii RQ2T4L084664104H en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2012-02-22 en
pubs.dimensions-id 22204927 en

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