Personality Influences on Change in Smoking Behavior

Show simple item record Welch, David en Poulton, R en 2012-03-05T19:39:51Z en 2009-05 en
dc.identifier.citation Health Psychology 28(3):292-299 May 2009 en
dc.identifier.issn 0278-6133 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Objective: To investigate associations between personality traits in early adulthood (and changes in them) and change in smoking status. Design: Prospective, longitudinal study of a general-population birth cohort. Main Outcome Measures: We measured smoking at ages 18, 26, and 32, and personality at ages 18 and 26 using the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (Tellegen & Waller, in press). We assessed personality’s ability to predict future smoking, and assessed how changes in personality traits relate to change in smoking status. Results: Higher aggression and alienation at age 18 predicted smoking at 26; higher self-control and traditionalism at age 18 predicted nonsmoking at 26; and higher alienation at age 26 predicted persistence of smoking to age 32. Personality change between 18 and 26 was associated with change in smoking behavior; those who stopped smoking decreased more than others in negative emotionality and increased more in constraint. Conclusion: These findings suggest that interventions fostering personality change may be effective in reducing smoking and indicate appropriate targets for such antismoking interventions in young people. In particular, high alienation predicted smoking persistence, perhaps due to resistance to existing antismoking messages; we discuss approaches that may overcome this. en
dc.publisher American Psychological Association en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Health Psychology en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from: en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Personality Influences on Change in Smoking Behavior en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1037/a0013471 en
pubs.issue 3 en
pubs.begin-page 292 en
pubs.volume 28 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: American Psychological Association en
pubs.end-page 299 en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 101293 en Medical and Health Sciences en Population Health en Audiology en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2010-09-01 en

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