Moving Urban trips from cars to bicycles: impact on health and emissions

Show simple item record Lindsay, Andrew en Macmillan, Alexandra en Woodward, Alistair en 2012-03-07T19:22:55Z en 2011 en
dc.identifier.citation Aust N Z J Public Health 35(1):54-60 Feb 2011 en
dc.identifier.issn 1326-0200 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Objective: To estimate the effects on health, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions if short trips (≤7 km) were undertaken by bicycle rather than motor car. Method: Existing data sources were used to model effects, in the urban setting in New Zealand, of varying the proportion of vehicle kilometres travelled by bicycle instead of light motor vehicle. Results: Shifting 5% of vehicle kilometres to cycling would reduce vehicle travel by approximately 223 million kilometres each year, save about 22 million litres of fuel and reduce transport-related greenhouse emissions by 0.4%. The health effects would include about 116 deaths avoided annually as a result of increased physical activity, six fewer deaths due to local air pollution from vehicle emissions, and an additional five cyclist fatalities from road crashes. In economic terms, including only fatalities and using the NZ Ministry of Transport Value of a Statistical Life, the health effects of a 5% shift represent net savings of about $200 million per year. Conclusion: The health benefits of moving from cars to bikes heavily outweigh the costs of injury from road crashes. Implications: Transport policies that encourage bicycle use will help to reduce air pollution and greenhouse emissions and improve public health. en
dc.publisher Wiley-Blackwell and Public Health Association of Australia en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Moving Urban trips from cars to bicycles: impact on health and emissions en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00621.x en
pubs.issue 1 en
pubs.begin-page 54 en
pubs.volume 35 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Wiley-Blackwell and Public Health Association of Australia en
dc.identifier.pmid 21299701 en en
pubs.end-page 60 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 191860 en Medical and Health Sciences en Population Health en Epidemiology & Biostatistics en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2010-12-06 en
pubs.dimensions-id 21299701 en

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