Posttraumatic Stress Among Hospitalized and Nonhospitalized Survivors of Serious Car Crashes: A Population-Based Study

Show simple item record Ameratunga, Shanthi en Tin Tin, S en Coverdale, JH en Connor, JL en Norton, RN en 2012-03-15T00:06:11Z en 2009 en
dc.identifier.citation Psychiatric Services 60(3):402-404 2009 en
dc.identifier.issn 1075-2730 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Objective: This study investigated the prevalence of posttraumatic stress among survivors of serious injury-producing car crashes. Methods: This population-based prospective cohort study, conducted in New Zealand, recruited hospitalized car occupants (passengers and drivers) as well as nonhospitalized drivers after a crash in which at least one occupant was hospitalized. Fifty-nine hospitalized passengers (62%) and 209 drivers (72%) completed five- and 18-month interviews. The Impact of Event Scale assessed symptoms of posttraumatic stress. Results: At five months 28% of hospitalized passengers, 24% of hospitalized drivers, and 24% of nonhospitalized drivers reported symptoms consistent with posttraumatic stress disorder. At 18 months, 23% of hospitalized passengers, 11% of hospitalized drivers, and 7% of nonhospitalized drivers reported significant levels of stress. Conclusions: Strategies to prevent disabling sequelae of crashes must address the needs of hospitalized and nonhospitalized survivors. en
dc.publisher American Psychiatric Association en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Psychiatric Services en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Posttraumatic Stress Among Hospitalized and Nonhospitalized Survivors of Serious Car Crashes: A Population-Based Study en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1176/ en
pubs.issue 3 en
pubs.begin-page 402 en
pubs.volume 60 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: American Psychiatric Association en
dc.identifier.pmid 19252057 en
pubs.end-page 404 en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 79436 en Medical and Health Sciences en Population Health en Epidemiology & Biostatistics en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2010-09-01 en
pubs.dimensions-id 19252057 en

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