Dietary intakes of European, Maori, Pacific and Asian adults living in Auckland: the Diabetes Heart and Health Study

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dc.contributor.author Metcalf, Patricia en
dc.contributor.author Scragg, Robert en
dc.contributor.author Schaaf, David en
dc.contributor.author Dyall, Lorna en
dc.contributor.author Black, Peter en
dc.contributor.author Jackson, Rodney en
dc.date.accessioned 2012-04-02T19:10:54Z en
dc.date.issued 2008 en
dc.identifier.citation Aust N Z J Public Health 32(5):454-460 Oct 2008 en
dc.identifier.issn 1326-0200 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/16393 en
dc.description.abstract Objective: To compare dietary intakes of European, Māori, Pacific, and Asian men and women living in Auckland. Methods: Daily nutrient intakes were calculated from a self-administered food frequency questionnaire from participants in a cross-sectional health screening study carried out between 2002 and 2003. Participants were 4,007 Māori, Pacific, Asian and European people (1,915 men, 2,092 women) aged 35 to 74 years. Results: Compared with Europeans, Māori and Pacific men had higher total energy intakes per day, while Asians had lower intakes. A similar pattern was observed for carbohydrate and fat consumption. While protein and cholesterol consumption tended to be lower in Europeans than the other three ethnic groups, alcohol consumption and calcium intakes were highest among Europeans. Many of the differences between ethnic groups were attenuated when nutrient consumption was expressed as their percentage contribution to total energy intake suggesting that total food consumption was the major determinant of ethnic differences in nutrient intakes. Conclusions: There were substantial differences in dietary habits, food selections and cooking practices between European, Māori, Pacific and Asian participants. However, the observed differences were in the area of serving sizes and frequency of consumption of certain foods than to major differences in the range of foods and nutrients consumed or the percentage contribution of carbohydrate, fat or protein to total energy intake. Implications: The development of strategies to reduce serving sizes and the frequency of consumption of certain foods will be required to help address the major nutrition-related health problems in New Zealand. en
dc.publisher Public Health Association of Australia en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1326-0200/ en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Dietary intakes of European, Maori, Pacific and Asian adults living in Auckland: the Diabetes Heart and Health Study en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2008.00279.x en
pubs.issue 5 en
pubs.begin-page 454 en
pubs.volume 32 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Public Health Association of Australia en
dc.identifier.pmid 18959550 en
pubs.end-page 460 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 82790 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Population Health en
pubs.org-id Epidemiology & Biostatistics en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id Statistics en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2010-09-01 en
pubs.dimensions-id 18959550 en


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