Ruakaka Wastewater Long Term Resource Consents Project. Cultural Impact and Assessment Report

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dc.contributor.author Kepa, Tangiwai en
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-09T20:04:49Z en
dc.date.issued 2009-05 en
dc.identifier.citation Ruakaka Wastewater Long-term Consents Project Whangarei District Council. May 2009. Whangarei District Council, Whangarei. 1-22 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/17805 en
dc.description.abstract Historical Background The development of Te Poupouwhenua, the Ruakaka/Marsden Point area, began in the mid-1860s, after large stretches of land were taken from Māori by the Crown. The idea that development, meaning industrialization, considerably improved the lives of all New Zealanders is well documented. However, the alienation of Māori from the sea and their ancestral lands was (and continues to be) an adverse consequence of development. Māori with lands around Te Poupouwhenua included people from Patuharakeke Hapū. The tribe had lands taken from them so that roads and towns could be built for the settlement of British immigrants and the establishment of industry. In the 20th century, the Takahiwai Hills and the Pukekauri Land Block were taken from Patuharakeke Hapū under the Public Works Act. The construction of the New Zealand Oil Refining Company and the deepwater port at Koutu, Marsden Point, resulted in parts of the sea and the ancestral lands becoming permanently inaccessible to the people. In the 21st century, the Takahiwai Hills continue to be excavated for metal and the seabed for sand. The construction of roads, railways, ports and cities continues! What Māori has experienced as a result of all the development is the process of weakening the relationship between culture and specific place; however, the disconnection does not mean that culture has lost value and relevance for Patuharakeke Hapū. In 1998 a Tiriti o Waitangi Claim was lodged with the Waitangi Tribunal to address concerns that Patuharakeke Hapū has with questionable land sales, land confiscations etc that took place in the mid 1860s. The claim was accepted by the Waitangi Tribunal and was designated Waitangi Tribunal Claim # 745. The Waitangi Tribunal Claim # 745 seeks redress for the wrongs inflicted on Patuharakeke Hapū by the Crown (The New Zealand Government) for breaches of the Tiriti o Waitangi which was signed by the Chiefs of Aotearoa and the representatives of Queen Victoria (Queen of Britain) at the time. en
dc.publisher Whangarei District Council en
dc.relation.ispartof Ruakaka Wastewater Long-term Consents Project Whangarei District Council en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Ruakaka Wastewater Long Term Resource Consents Project. Cultural Impact and Assessment Report en
dc.type Report en
pubs.begin-page 1 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Whangarei District Council en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Whangarei District Council en
pubs.commissioning-body Whangarei District Council en
pubs.end-page 22 en
pubs.place-of-publication Whangarei en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Commissioned Report en
pubs.elements-id 206415 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Population Health en
pubs.org-id Gen.Practice& Primary Hlthcare en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2011-02-22 en


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