Agricultural potential and actualized development in Hawai'i: An airborne LiDAR survey of the leeward Kohala field system (Hawai'i Island)

Show simple item record Ladefoged, Thegn en McCoy, MD en Asner, GP en Kirch, PV en Puleston, CO en Chadwick, OA en Vitousek, PM en 2012-05-27T20:22:54Z en 2011 en
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Archaeological Science 38(12):3605-3619 2011 en
dc.identifier.issn 0305-4403 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Archaeological investigations of Hawaiian agriculture have relied on relatively coarse-grained data to investigate archipelago-wide processes, or on fine-grained data to examine patterning within localized zones of agricultural production. These trade-offs between spatial coverage and data resolution have inhibited understanding of both spatial patterns and temporal trends. Our analysis of 173 km2 of highresolution airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data for leeward Kohala, Hawai’i Island identifies spatial and temporal patterning in regional agricultural development. Differential densities of alignments suggest variable levels of agricultural intensity. Agricultural processes of expansion, segmentation, and intensification can also be discriminated, with distinct zones of the field system having undergone different mixes of development. Areas within the field system with moderate to high levels of both average production and variability in production (determined using a climate-driven productivity model) were utilized relatively early in a highly intensified manner; these areas often underwent processes of segmentation and intensification. Less productive areas were developed later and exhibit evidence of expansion with lower amounts of segmentation and intensification, at set levels of intensity. The spatial and temporal variability in agricultural activities was influenced by the diverse environmental conditions across the landscape as well as variation in cultivars and cultivation techniques. Combining the high-resolution LiDAR data from a large area with potential productivity modeling allows for a more fine-grained understanding of agricultural development in this region of the Hawaiian archipelago. en
dc.publisher Elsevier Ltd. en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Archaeological Science en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Agricultural potential and actualized development in Hawai'i: An airborne LiDAR survey of the leeward Kohala field system (Hawai'i Island) en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jas.2011.08.031 en
pubs.issue 12 en
pubs.begin-page 3605 en
pubs.volume 38 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Elsevier Ltd. en
pubs.end-page 3619 en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 235258 en Arts en Social Sciences en Anthropology en
dc.identifier.eissn 1095-9238 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2012-05-28 en

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