Continuity or Collapse? Diachronic Settlement and Land Use in Hanga Ho`onu, Rapa Nui (Easter Island)

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dc.contributor.advisor Ladefoged, T en
dc.contributor.advisor Sheppard, P en
dc.contributor.advisor Bickler, S en Mulrooney, Mara en 2012-08-10T04:00:55Z en 2012 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract The archaeological landscape on Rapa Nui contains a palimpsest of surface archaeological features, reflecting a long history of settlement and land use. The island is often portrayed as the locale of a dramatic societal collapse that was triggered by overpopulation and environmental degradation, where the islanders committed "environmental suicide" during the late pre-European contact period (before AD 1722). Although this scenario has increasingly been called into question, many researchers still suggest that Rapa Nui society collapsed in late prehistory. However, no studies have provided sufficient evidence for or against a cultural and ecological collapse on the island prior to European contact. This thesis critically explores the archaeological evidence for cultural change by assessing the temporal and spatial components of settlement and land use in the Hanga Ho'onu Project Area on the north coast. The analysis includes a GISbased spatial analysis of surface archaeological features and the chronometric dating of selected areas of the landscape using obsidian hydration dating and radiocarbon dating. The results are placed into an island-wide context to explore settlement and land use on a broader regional scale. The results of this study suggest that Rapa Nui settlement and land use is marked by continuity rather than punctuated, detrimental change during the late pre- European contact period. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof PhD Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Continuity or Collapse? Diachronic Settlement and Land Use in Hanga Ho`onu, Rapa Nui (Easter Island) en
dc.type Thesis en The University of Auckland en Doctoral en PhD en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.elements-id 360119 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2012-08-10 en

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