The development of measurement tools for prosthetic eye research

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dc.contributor.author Pine, KR en
dc.contributor.author Sloan, B en
dc.contributor.author Jacobs, Robert en
dc.date.accessioned 2012-12-17T01:13:05Z en
dc.date.issued 2012-06-06 en
dc.identifier.citation Clinical and Experimental Optometry 06 Jun 2012 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/19780 en
dc.description.abstract Background:  The aim was to develop tools to measure the condition of ocular prostheses and the socket's response to prosthetic eyewear. Methods:  A novel staining technique for displaying deposits on prosthetic eyes was developed. Equal interval perceptual grading scales for measuring inferior palpebral conjunctival inflammation, and anterior and posterior stained surface deposits on prosthetic eyes were developed from 800 photographs of 43 volunteers. The photographs for each scale were chosen by the authors. A group of four ophthalmologists, three optometrists and three senior students was consulted about selection criteria and asked to position the photographs along a 1.5 m rule to determine equal intervals. Photographs judged not to represent exactly equal perceptual intervals were exchanged with others from the original pool. The final scales (a five-photograph scale for inflammation and two 11 photograph scales for deposits) were assessed for inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability by groups of senior optometry students. Results:  Standard deviations for inter-rater reliability tests were 0.52 scale units for the inflammation scale, 0.99 for the anterior surface deposits scale and 1.03 for the posterior surface deposits scale. The standard deviation of the test-retest differences for inflammation was 0.6 scale units and for both anterior and posterior surface deposits it was 0.71. Conclusions:  A novel technique for displaying and measuring the intensity and extent of deposit formation on prosthetic eye surfaces has been described. The two equal interval perceptual grading scales that have been developed to quantify the extent of deposit formation together with the equal interval perceptual scale for grading severity of palpebral conjunctival inflammation will for the first time allow the effects of prosthetic eye wear to be evaluated. Further research to validate the scale for palpebral conjunctival inflammation in a clinical setting is recommended. The technique for staining deposits on prosthetic eyes is recommended for clinical practice. en
dc.language ENG en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Clinical and Experimental Optometry en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0816-4622/ en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title The development of measurement tools for prosthetic eye research en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/j.1444-0938.2012.00754.x en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Optometrists Association Australia en
dc.identifier.pmid 22672062 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 357208 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Optometry and Vision Science en
dc.identifier.eissn 1444-0938 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2012-12-17 en
pubs.dimensions-id 22672062 en


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