A Comparative Analysis of South Asian Apparel Firms in Global Value Chains: Governance, Institutions and Upgrading

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dc.contributor.advisor Haworth, N en
dc.contributor.advisor Benson-Rea, M en
dc.contributor.advisor Stringer, C en
dc.contributor.author Khattak, Amira en
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-24T23:18:17Z en
dc.date.issued 2013 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/20053 en
dc.description.abstract The objective of this thesis is to contribute and extend the field of global value chain (GVC) analysis by empirically examining the interactions of South Asian apparel firms with the broader institutional contexts in GVCs and upgrading as a result of those interactions. This thesis contains three empirical chapters and revolves around three major and interlinked constructs of the GVC framework namely governance, institutions and upgrading (particularly environmental and social upgrading). The first empirical chapter provides a comparative analysis of South Asian apparel firms in global apparel chains. The main objective is to provide empirical evidence to support the conceptualisation and theorisation of the institution dimension of GVC analysis and its interaction with the governance dimension. The global apparel industry is conceptualised as an organisational field where apparel firms (suppliers) are strongly linked to lead firms (buyers) in the global apparel chains as well as the institutional structures in which the chains are embedded. Using Bangladesh and Sri Lanka apparel firms as case studies, the findings highlight the significant role that institutions have in shaping the relationships between lead firms and apparel firms, and hence the geographical and organisational architecture of global apparel chains. The second empirical chapter is an empirical and qualitative analysis of drivers and conditions under which South Asian apparel firms embrace environmental upgrading in GVCs. Data suggest that GVCs represent both the drivers of the environmental upgrading and the medium to gain the knowledge to upgrade. Similarly, capabilities in the suppliers’ base to assimilate the knowledge transfer, learn and ultimately upgrade, are also critical. An interesting finding of the study is that environmental standards are becoming critical for producers for monitoring upgrading, developing capabilities and enhancing efficiency. The third empirical chapter investigates the relationship between social and economic upgrading in GVCs. Data from two countries suggest that governance patterns in GVCs create the conditions under which economic upgrading generates conditions for social upgrading. Furthermore, a positive relationship exists between product, process and functional upgrading and social upgrading, while a negative relationship exists between justin- time delivery and social upgrading. Social upgrading presents greater challenges in lowskilled categories of employment than in highly skilled employment categories. Taken together, all three empirical chapters contribute to the GVC literature by studying understudied areas in GVC analysis, in particular institutions, environmental upgrading and social upgrading, and linking them in a coherent way with the governance dimension. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof PhD Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nz/ en
dc.title A Comparative Analysis of South Asian Apparel Firms in Global Value Chains: Governance, Institutions and Upgrading en
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Auckland en
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.name PhD en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The Author en
pubs.elements-id 373554 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2013-02-25 en

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