The Development of a Diagnostic Approach to Predicting the Probability of Road Pavement Failure

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dc.contributor.advisor Henning, T en
dc.contributor.advisor Burrow, M en
dc.contributor.advisor Evdorides, H en
dc.contributor.advisor St. George, J en
dc.contributor.author Schlotjes, Megan en
dc.date.accessioned 2013-09-06T02:55:27Z en
dc.date.issued 2013 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/20727 en
dc.description.abstract Road maintenance planning, an essential component of road asset management, preserves the integrity of road networks. Current state of the art pavement management systems exercise optimisation tools, pavement deterioration models, and intervention criteria to forecast the future maintenance requirements of a road network. These tools have been utilised to forecast future maintenance requirements of road networks; however, with this current approach to pavement management, uncertainties associated with the failure of individual sections of road may not always be accounted for explicitly, and therefore the susceptibility of a road network to failure is unknown. Predicting the probability of the end of life of a road pavement involves wholly understanding possible modes of failure and utilising suitable computational techniques, so that engineering knowledge can be well represented in data driven models. To this end, this thesis describes the development of a diagnostic approach that infers engineering knowledge into computational models, to quantify the probability of failure of road pavements and identify the most likely causes of failure. To do so, this research developed a number of failure charts that capture engineering knowledge, such as citing influential failure factors of road pavements including the influence from external environments and internal pavement attributes. Engineering knowledge on road pavement failure was obtained from three sources: literature describing the fundamentals of pavement design and common causes of road failure, expert knowledge from the industry identifying relationships between failure mechanisms and causes, and a data analysis to obtain site-specific causes such as road environments and material properties. Each chart presents a possible failure path, detailing a set of factors contributing to failure. A comparative study evaluated the performance of five classification modelling approaches in order to determine the most suitable technique for this research. Based on performance and user interpretability criteria, the study identified one based on support vector machines as the most suitable. The developed prototype system, consisting of a failure system for rutting, fatigue cracking, and shear, performed well in both the development phase and network testing of the system utilising data from the New Zealand Long-term Pavement Performance Programme. A case study focussing on rural New Zealand roads was carried out, which demonstrated the use of this tool in network and project level applications. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof PhD Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99248166914002091 en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nz/ en
dc.title The Development of a Diagnostic Approach to Predicting the Probability of Road Pavement Failure en
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.discipline Civil Engineering en
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Auckland en
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.name PhD en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The Author en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.elements-id 406197 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2013-09-06 en


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