Factors Influencing Slash and Burn Shifting Cultivation inside Protected Areas: Nam Et-Phou Louey National Protected Area, Laos

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dc.contributor.advisor Fisher, K en
dc.contributor.author Chanthavisouk, Chanthaly en
dc.date.accessioned 2014-06-30T01:28:03Z en
dc.date.issued 2014 en
dc.identifier.citation 2014 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/22356 en
dc.description Full text is available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland only. en
dc.description.abstract This thesis investigates factors influencing slash and burn shifting cultivation inside protected areas. Shifting cultivation agricultural practice is viewed by governments and international organisations as the main cause of deforestation and forest degradation. In addition, shifting cultivation is regarded as having negative impacts on economic development and is held accountable for poverty. Since shifting cultivation agriculture doesn‘t fit in with environmental protection and development ideas, various policies and livelihood alternatives have been introduced in order to eradicate shifting cultivation and allow for agricultural and livelihood transformation to take place. Taking into account this narrative, this thesis examines and evaluates approaches toward shifting cultivation and other forest resource management adopted in Laos. This thesis argues that while there may be good intentions in the sense of the government objective to protect environment and improve the livelihoods of local people, the methods chosen to realise these policies on the ground, combined with the lack of financial and capital resources, or unified and coherent management strategies, could create hardship for a large number of upland families. Government policies such as land use planning, focal site development, establishment of protected areas, and commercialisation of agricultural products, have led to significant changes in access rights, land use practices, and changes in local landscape. By adopting a qualitative research approach, the research fulfils its objectives in critically analysing some key issues of land and forest resource management in Laos. The evaluation of forest resource management in Laos shows that, although government policies have been successful at reducing pioneer shifting cultivations in natural forest land at aggregate level, the substantial land reform that totally separates forest and farmland has resulted in negative environmental and socio-economic impacts in some parts of the country. When the hardship imposed on livelihoods of local people is not accompanied by extension services, this will more likely result in unintended outcomes. Separating the impacts of one from another may be impossible since they correlate to each other. However, continuing with the status quo will not be effective in easing land use pressure and the combined result on the environment and livelihoods of people can be more negative rather than positive. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof Masters Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights Restricted Item. Available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/nz/ en
dc.title Factors Influencing Slash and Burn Shifting Cultivation inside Protected Areas: Nam Et-Phou Louey National Protected Area, Laos en
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Auckland en
thesis.degree.level Masters en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The Author en
pubs.elements-id 444934 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2014-06-30 en


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