Human-carnivore conflict: ecological and economical sustainability of predation on livestock by snow leopard and other carnivores in the Himalaya

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dc.contributor.author Aryal, A en
dc.contributor.author Brunton, D en
dc.contributor.author Ji, W en
dc.contributor.author Barraclough, Rosemary en
dc.contributor.author Raubenheimer, D en
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-10T01:51:15Z en
dc.date.issued 2014-02 en
dc.identifier.citation Sustainability Science, 2014, 9 (3), pp. 321 - 329 en
dc.identifier.issn 1862-4065 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/22452 en
dc.description.abstract Human communities in the Trans-Himalayan region depend on the dynamics of the agro-pastoral system for survival. Humans, livestock and wild predators share common resources in the region, and this leads to human–wildlife interactions that have the potential to threaten the continued viability of this fragile ecosystem and impact the local economy. This study explored the interaction between livestock and predators in the upper Mustang region of Nepal in terms of economic and ecological impacts. A total of 1,347 km2 of pasture land were grazed by 30,217 livestock belonging to local people from six village development committees. It was found that the seasonal movement patterns of livestock, from higher to lower elevations (closer to villages), coincided with elevation movements of wild ungulate prey and snow leopards into this smaller land area. The number of livestock reported to have been killed by predators during the study period was 706, 75 % of which was attributed to snow leopards. An estimated US$ 44,213 was lost between October 2009 and June 2011 due to livestock predation. These losses of livestock to snow leopards and other carnivores provoked retaliatory killings by villagers, and this in turn may significantly affect the viability of predator populations in this region. We suggest four approaches to mitigate human–carnivore conflict in the region: (a) introduce a livestock insurance policy, (b) promote the use of predator-proof livestock corrals and sheds, (c) involve local people in alternative income generating activities, and (d) increase conservation education in these regions. en
dc.publisher Springer en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Sustainability Science en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1862-4065/ en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Human-carnivore conflict: ecological and economical sustainability of predation on livestock by snow leopard and other carnivores in the Himalaya en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s11625-014-0246-8 en
pubs.issue 3 en
pubs.begin-page 321 en
pubs.volume 9 en
pubs.author-url http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11625-014-0246-8 en
pubs.end-page 329 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 437727 en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id Statistics en
dc.identifier.eissn 1862-4057 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2014-05-07 en


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