Towards global benchmarking of food environments and policies to reduce obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases: design and methods for nation-wide surveys

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dc.contributor.author Vandevijvere, Stefanie en
dc.contributor.author Swinburn, Boyd en
dc.contributor.author International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable diseases (NCDs) Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) en
dc.coverage.spatial England en
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-14T00:32:01Z en
dc.date.issued 2014 en
dc.identifier.citation BMJ Open, 2014, 4 (5), Article number e005339 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/25511 en
dc.description.abstract INTRODUCTION: Unhealthy diets are heavily driven by unhealthy food environments. The International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable diseases (NCDs) Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) has been established to reduce obesity, NCDs and their related inequalities globally. This paper describes the design and methods of the first-ever, comprehensive national survey on the healthiness of food environments and the public and private sector policies influencing them, as a first step towards global monitoring of food environments and policies. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A package of 11 substudies has been identified: (1) food composition, labelling and promotion on food packages; (2) food prices, shelf space and placement of foods in different outlets (mainly supermarkets); (3) food provision in schools/early childhood education (ECE) services and outdoor food promotion around schools/ECE services; (4) density of and proximity to food outlets in communities; food promotion to children via (5) television, (6) magazines, (7) sport club sponsorships, and (8) internet and social media; (9) analysis of the impact of trade and investment agreements on food environments; (10) government policies and actions; and (11) private sector actions and practices. For the substudies on food prices, provision, promotion and retail, 'environmental equity' indicators have been developed to check progress towards reducing diet-related health inequalities. Indicators for these modules will be assessed by tertiles of area deprivation index or school deciles. International 'best practice benchmarks' will be identified, against which to compare progress of countries on improving the healthiness of their food environments and policies. DISSEMINATION: This research is highly original due to the very 'upstream' approach being taken and its direct policy relevance. The detailed protocols will be offered to and adapted for countries of varying size and income in order to establish INFORMAS globally as a new monitoring initiative to reduce obesity and diet-related NCDs. en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries BMJ Open en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from http://bmjopen.bmj.com/site/about/licence.pdf http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/2044-6055/ en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/ en
dc.subject food policy en
dc.subject global health en
dc.subject monitoring en
dc.subject non-communicable diseases en
dc.subject obesity en
dc.title Towards global benchmarking of food environments and policies to reduce obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases: design and methods for nation-wide surveys en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005339 en
pubs.issue 5 en
pubs.volume 4 en
dc.description.version VoR - Version of Record en
dc.identifier.pmid 24833697 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 439508 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Population Health en
pubs.org-id Epidemiology & Biostatistics en
dc.identifier.eissn 2044-6055 en
dc.identifier.pii bmjopen-2014-005339 en
pubs.number e005339 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2015-05-14 en
pubs.dimensions-id 24833697 en


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