A profile of injury in Fiji: findings from a population-based injury surveillance system (TRIP-10)

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dc.contributor.author Wainiqolo, Iris en
dc.contributor.author Kafoa, B en
dc.contributor.author Kool, Bridget en
dc.contributor.author Herman, Josephine en
dc.contributor.author McCaig, E en
dc.contributor.author Ameratunga, Shanthi en
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-15T02:24:05Z en
dc.date.issued 2012 en
dc.identifier.citation BMC Public Health, 2012, 12 pp. 1074 - 1074 en
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2458 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/25895 en
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Over 90% of injury deaths occur in low-and middle-income countries. However, the epidemiological profile of injuries in Pacific Islands has received little attention. We used a population-based-trauma registry to investigate the characteristics of all injuries in Viti Levu, Fiji. METHOD: The Fiji Injury Surveillance in Hospitals (FISH) database prospectively collected data on all injury-related deaths and primary admissions to hospital (≥ 12 hours stay) in Viti Levu during 12 months commencing October 2005. RESULTS: The 2167 injury-related deaths and hospitalisations corresponded to an annual incidence rate of 333 per 100,000, with males accounting for twice as many cases as females. Almost 80% of injuries involved people aged less than 45 years, and 74% were deemed unintentional. There were 244 fatalities (71% died before admission) and 1994 hospitalisations corresponding to crude annual rates of 37.5 per 100,000 and 306 per 100,000 respectively. The leading cause of fatal injury was road traffic injury (29%) and the equivalent for injury admissions was falls (30%). The commonest type of injury resulting in death and admission to hospital was asphyxia and fractures respectively. Alcohol use was documented as a contributing factor in 13% of deaths and 12% of admissions. In general, indigenous Fijians had higher rates of injury admission, especially for interpersonal violence, while those of Indian ethnicity had higher rates of fatality, especially from suicide. CONCLUSIONS: Injury is an important public health problem that disproportionately affects young males in Fiji, with a high proportion of deaths prior to hospital presentation. This study highlights key areas requiring priority attention to reduce the burden of potentially life-threatening injuries in Fiji. en
dc.format.medium Electronic en
dc.language eng en
dc.publisher BioMed Central en
dc.relation.ispartofseries BMC Public Health en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1471-2458/ en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Wounds and Injuries en
dc.subject Population Surveillance en
dc.subject Registries en
dc.subject Confounding Factors (Epidemiology) en
dc.subject Sex Distribution en
dc.subject Hospitalization en
dc.subject Adolescent en
dc.subject Adult en
dc.subject Child en
dc.subject Child, Preschool en
dc.subject Infant, Newborn en
dc.subject Infant en
dc.subject Middle Aged en
dc.subject Young Adult en
dc.subject Developing Countries en
dc.subject Female en
dc.subject Fiji en
dc.subject Male en
dc.title A profile of injury in Fiji: findings from a population-based injury surveillance system (TRIP-10) en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1471-2458-12-1074 en
pubs.begin-page 1074 en
pubs.volume 12 en
dc.description.version VoR - Version of Record en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: BioMed Central en
dc.identifier.pmid 23234597 en
pubs.end-page 1074 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.subtype Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 370452 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Population Health en
pubs.org-id Epidemiology & Biostatistics en
dc.identifier.eissn 1471-2458 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2015-06-15 en
pubs.dimensions-id 23234597 en

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