Defining Disease, Segregating Race: Sir Raphael Cilento, Aboriginal Health and Leprosy Management in Twentieth Century Queensland

Show simple item record Parsons, Meg en 2015-06-24T05:22:04Z en 2010 en
dc.identifier.citation Aboriginal History, 2010, 34 pp. 85 - 114 en
dc.identifier.issn 0314-8769 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract In Australia, as elsewhere, modern scientific studies of leprosy were firmly located within contemporary race-based and climatic medical theories, and were closely aligned to the discipline of tropical medicine.[1] During the interwar period the race-based leprosy theories of doctors Cecil Cook and Sir Raphael Cilento directly informed leprosy management strategies in Queensland, the Northern Territory and Western Australia.[2] In the Queensland context, the emergence of these racially discriminatory medical theories helped solidify the Queensland government’s commitment to spatial segregation as its primary method of managing leprosy. Moreover these theories served to reinforce existing white perceptions about Aboriginal people and re-articulate the idea that Aboriginal ill health was an inescapable consequence of racial weaknesses. Sir Raphael Cilento, well known for his association with tropical medicine and social hygiene in Australia in the first half of the twentieth century, also played a pivotal role in the maintenance and alteration of the Queensland government’s Aboriginal leprosy management strategies during the 1930s.[3] Historians have generally overlooked Cilento’s involvement in leprosy management, and perhaps more significantly failed to explore the operations of Fantome Island leprosarium, the institution Cilento helped establish, which was the longest running Aboriginal-only medical segregation facility in Queensland. I will attempt to redress this historical oversight in this article. Firstly I will provide a brief overview of leprosy management strategies in Queensland, then outline the medical theories of Cilento, and lastly chart the establishment and operations of the Aboriginal-only leprosarium on Fantome Island. en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aboriginal History en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Race discrimination Patients--Services for Aboriginal Australians--Medical care Aboriginal Australians--Diseases Leprosy History Leprosy--Government policy en
dc.title Defining Disease, Segregating Race: Sir Raphael Cilento, Aboriginal Health and Leprosy Management in Twentieth Century Queensland en
dc.type Journal Article en
pubs.begin-page 85 en
pubs.volume 34 en
dc.description.version AM - Accepted Manuscript en,+2010/5611/ch04.xhtml#toc-anchor en
pubs.end-page 114 en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 410415 en Science en School of Environment en
dc.identifier.eissn 1837-9389 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2013-11-25 en

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