Disentangling Dreams and Reality: In Forensic Contexts

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dc.contributor.advisor Owens, G en
dc.contributor.author Judd, Elizabeth en
dc.date.accessioned 2015-09-08T21:51:00Z en
dc.date.issued 2014 en
dc.identifier.citation 2014 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/26903 en
dc.description Full text is available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland only. en
dc.description.abstract The content of dreams appears to influence the creation of both internally and externally generated false memories. Two studies were employed to examine the extent to which dreams are confused with memories of real events. The first study examined the extent to which external suggestion influenced participants’ (N=33) likelihood to misremember dream content in a laboratory context. On the first day, participants were asked to study a list of words and pictures. The following day they were exposed to a false suggestion that words and people from their dream were on the list of words and pictures viewed on the previous day. On the third day, they were asked to recall what had been presented on the original list. Findings suggested that externally generated false memories using dream content did not occur as frequently as prior research indicated. Furthermore, on the last day there was no bias for a misinformation effect using dream content except for novel words provided in the final test. This last finding may suggest that one’s own dream words are inherently more familiar and thus more likely to be falsely remembered. The second study asked participants (N=161) to complete an online questionnaire that examined the prevalence and corresponding factors of internally generated false origins of dreams. The results demonstrated that a sizable proportion of participants reported having memories of which the origin could not be established. Overall, the results indicate that dream content can sometimes be confused for memories of real events. These confusions could have significant implications for forensic contexts and processes, such as false memories of crimes being brought to police or dream content being included through accidental suggestion of false information. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof Masters Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99264809712402091 en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights Restricted Item. Available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nz/ en
dc.title Disentangling Dreams and Reality: In Forensic Contexts en
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.discipline Psychology en
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Auckland en
thesis.degree.level Masters en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The Author en
pubs.elements-id 475720 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2015-02-13 en

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