Wāhine toa: a feminist historical institutionalist analysis of women's service in the New Zealand Defence Force

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dc.contributor.advisor Curtin, J en
dc.contributor.author Woodman, Victoria en
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-16T19:44:43Z en
dc.date.issued 2015 en
dc.identifier.citation 2015 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/27474 en
dc.description Full text is available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland only. en
dc.description.abstract Military institutions are masculine institutions, whether they exclude women from participating in their ranks, or maintain no formal barriers to women’s participation. Between 1977 and 2007 New Zealand abolished all formal barriers to women’s employment in the New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF). This followed a period of intensive policy development ostensibly concerned ostensibly with eliminating barriers to women’s ability to serve under equitable conditions. Despite this, persistent gendered disparities in service patterns endure. Women’s service rates remain low, and both the proportion and number of women in the NZDF is in decline. With regards to horizontal and vertical employment segregation, both “armoured” and “brass” ceilings are significant and tenacious. This feminist historical institutionalist approach assesses the contribution to these disparities made by the formal and informal institutional architecture of the NZDF, and state institutional domain. This analysis locates diverse antecedents for the elimination and maintenance of barriers to gendered service patterns, and for the tempering or aggravation of disparities. I explore the military institution as a gendered, exclusionary institution in order to highlight how gender as organising principle is manifest in the NZDF. It is evident that critical junctures during times of crisis have seen the NZDF formally expand its candidate pool to include women, but that such junctures have not rendered fundamental or long-term change. When institutional crises lessen, exclusionary practices begin again to take effect. Progress towards gender equity has been both piecemeal and contingent. While improvement in the elimination of overtly formal barriers is evident, formal rules continue to operate under tacitly gendered assumptions. Gender-blind policies persist in relying on masculine understandings. These formal barriers are bolstered by potent informal, cultural conventions. This is most evident in the division between military and civilian realms, and combat and non-combat tasks. The persistence of a masculine, physical culture based around combat activities has resulted in the differential valuation of labour and skills on a gendered basis. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof Masters Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99264872510702091 en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights Restricted Item. Available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/nz/ en
dc.title Wāhine toa: a feminist historical institutionalist analysis of women's service in the New Zealand Defence Force en
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.discipline Politics and International Relations en
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Auckland en
thesis.degree.level Masters en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The Author en
pubs.elements-id 505080 en
pubs.org-id Arts en
pubs.org-id Social Sciences en
pubs.org-id Politics & International Relations en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2015-11-17 en

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