A qualitative study of recruiting for investigations in primary care: Plan, pay, minimise intermediaries and keep it simple

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dc.contributor.author Kenealy, Timothy en
dc.contributor.author Hao'uli, S en
dc.contributor.author Arroll, Bruce en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-10T23:37:09Z en
dc.date.available 2015-06-28 en
dc.date.issued 2015-08-10 en
dc.identifier.citation SAGE Open Medicine, 2015, 3, 2050312115596649 en
dc.identifier.issn 2050-3121 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/28444 en
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES: We sought successful strategies to recruit patient and practitioner participants for studies from primary care. METHODS: We interviewed people who had participated and who had not participated in a randomised controlled trial that did not reach recruitment target and successful primary care researchers. The participants and non-participants were mostly Pacific peoples. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analysed and reported using qualitative description. The study took place in New Zealand in 2013-2014. RESULTS: A total of 31 people were interviewed. Researchers agreed that recruitment was usually the single most important phase of research but was usually under-planned and under-funded. All researchers recommended a pilot study that addressed recruitment. Successful researchers actively monitored recruitment and adapted the process as needed. Most projects were undertaken by our researchers recruited via an intermediary such as a general practice nurse. Strategies were adapted to the target population, such as specific acute or chronic conditions, age, ethnicity and gender. Intermediaries were actively recruited and retained in a manner that was often more intense than actual participant recruitment and retention. 'Layers' of intermediaries were kept to a minimum as each layer needed to be actively recruited and retained and each layer reduced participant recruitment rates. The task of intermediaries was kept simple and minimal and they were paid in some manner. Similarly, participant workload was kept to a minimum and they were paid in some manner that was intended to cover their participation costs and perhaps a little more. Even the most experienced researchers did not always achieve recruitment targets. Our interviews focused on patient participants but included recruiting general practitioners, nurses and others as research subjects. CONCLUSION: Strategy details varied with the target population but had in common the need to intensively recruit and retain intermediaries, minimise layers of intermediaries, and the need to pay and minimise workload for both intermediaries and participants. en
dc.description.uri http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26770794 en
dc.format.medium Electronic-eCollection en
dc.language English en
dc.relation.ispartofseries SAGE Open Medicine en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/2050-3121/ https://au.sagepub.com/en-gb/oce/journal/sage-open-medicine en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/ en
dc.subject Recruitment en
dc.subject patient selection en
dc.subject primary health care en
dc.subject general practice en
dc.subject family practice en
dc.subject research design en
dc.title A qualitative study of recruiting for investigations in primary care: Plan, pay, minimise intermediaries and keep it simple en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/2050312115596649 en
pubs.volume 3 en
dc.identifier.pmid 26770794 en
pubs.author-url http://smo.sagepub.com/content/3/2050312115596649 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 517574 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Population Health en
pubs.org-id Gen.Practice& Primary Hlthcare en
pubs.org-id School of Medicine en
pubs.org-id Medicine Department en
dc.identifier.eissn 2050-3121 en
pubs.number 2050312115596649 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-03-11 en
pubs.dimensions-id 26770794 en

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