Considerations of Fairness in Resource Distribution: from Infants' Expectations to Children's Behaviour

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dc.contributor.advisor Henderson, A en Wang, Ying en 2016-09-29T20:10:42Z en 2016 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Central to children’s moral development is the development of distributive justice. The developmental trajectory of distributive justice in the literature suggests that fair expectations of resource distribution emerge in late childhood (Damon, 1975). However this classic view of distributive justice development has recently been contested by studies demonstrating that younger children are capable of distributing resources according to considerations of fairness and need. These findings raise interesting questions about the factors that may shape the development of resource distribution concerns. The current body of work examines this question in three chapters. Cooperative contexts have been shown to promote resource distribution; Chapter 2 and 3 recruited visual attention paradigms to investigate infants’ perceptions of cooperatively attained resources, and whether they expect that cooperatively attained goals should be shared between partners. In Chapter 2, two experiments demonstrated that 14-month-old infants expected an actor to share a cooperatively attained resource (i.e., toy) with her partner, but critically, only when her partner justifiably cooperated to attain the resource. In Chapter 3, a series of three experiments revealed that 17.5-month-olds expect cooperative partners to distribute resources according to the principles of equality and also equity. Specifically, 17.5-month-olds looked longer towards test trials in which a partner collected resources that they were not entitled to. Finally, Chapter 4 investigated if early developing sensitivities to fair resource distribution were associated with one feature of 3-year-olds’ social experiences, specifically, their parent’s speech. Some aspects of parental speech during a storybook reading task were associated with children’s resource distribution behaviour, suggesting that parent-child conversations may play a role in shaping children’s tendencies to base their behaviour on principles of distributive justice. Taken together, these findings are particularly interesting as they demonstrate that the roots of distributive justice are in place early in life and the extent to which everyday conversations with parents may shape children’s understanding of the principles of resource distribution. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof PhD Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99264894601502091 en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Considerations of Fairness in Resource Distribution: from Infants' Expectations to Children's Behaviour en
dc.type Thesis en Psychology en The University of Auckland en Doctoral en PhD en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.elements-id 542093 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-09-30 en

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