Characteristics of prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties

Show simple item record McCarthy, Jane en Chaplin, E en Underwood, Lisa en Forrester, A en Hayward, H en Sabet, J en Young, S en Asherson, P en Mills, R en Murphy, D en 2016-10-03T04:16:02Z en 2016-03 en
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 60(3):201-206 Mar 2016 en
dc.identifier.issn 0964-2633 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Previous studies have found high rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID) within the criminal justice system (CJS). However, little is understood about prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties (NDD) or their needs. This study aimed to identify prisoners with NDD and compare their characteristics with prisoners without NDD on a range of socio-demographic and social functioning measures.This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out using face-to-face interviews with 240 participants in a London Category C prison. Standardised tools were used to assess prisoners for ADHD, ASD and ID.The study identified 87 prisoners who screened positive for one or more type of NDD. Participants with NDD were significantly younger and more likely to be single [(odds ratio) OR = 2.1], homeless (OR = 3.4) or unemployed (OR = 2.6) before they came into prison. They also had poorer educational achievements that those without NDD. Over 80% of those with NDD had a previous conviction or imprisonment.The findings confirm the presence of significant numbers of people with NDD in a male prison. Services across the CJS are required for this group; specifically, there is a need for raised awareness among those working in the CJS to improve the recognition of offenders with NDD. Services in the community need to work with individuals with NDD who are at risk of offending, targeting those who are homeless, unemployed and have poor employment opportunities. en
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic en
dc.language eng en
dc.publisher Wiley en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Intellectual Disability Research en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Characteristics of prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders and difficulties en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/jir.12237 en
pubs.issue 3 en
pubs.begin-page 201 en
pubs.volume 60 en
dc.identifier.pmid 26486964 en
pubs.end-page 206 en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 502908 en Medical and Health Sciences en School of Medicine en Psychological Medicine Dept en
dc.identifier.eissn 1365-2788 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-10-03 en
pubs.dimensions-id 26486964 en

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