Is dispositional optimism or dispositional pessimism predictive of ideal cardiovascular health? The Young Finns Study

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dc.contributor.author Serlachius, Anna en
dc.contributor.author Pulkki-Råback, L en
dc.contributor.author Elovainio, M en
dc.contributor.author Hintsanen, M en
dc.contributor.author Mikkilä, V en
dc.contributor.author Laitinen, TT en
dc.contributor.author Jokela, M en
dc.contributor.author Rosenström, T en
dc.contributor.author Josefsson, K en
dc.contributor.author Juonala, M en
dc.contributor.author Lehtimäki, T en
dc.contributor.author Raitakari, O en
dc.contributor.author Keltikangas-Järvinen, L en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-09T23:27:38Z en
dc.date.issued 2015 en
dc.identifier.citation Psychology and Health, 2015, 30 (10), pp. 1221 - 1239 en
dc.identifier.issn 0887-0446 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/30679 en
dc.description.abstract Objective: We examined the independent association between dispositional optimism compared to dispositional pessimism and ideal cardiovascular health (defined by the American Heart Association). Design: A prospective design with a study sample of 1113 participants aged 24–39 years from the longitudinal Young Finns Study. Main outcome measures: Ideal cardiovascular health (comprised of seven ideal cardiovascular health metrics) was measured in 2001. The ideal cardiovascular health metrics were reassessed in 2007. Results: Low pessimism rather than high optimism was a better predictor of ideal cardiovascular health in 2007. When examining the association between optimism and pessimism and the seven ideal cardiovascular health metrics in 2007 (BMI, diet, physical activity, smoking status, blood pressure, total cholesterol and plasma glucose), low pessimism predicted non-smoking status, ideal physical activity and eating a healthy diet, while high optimism was associated with eating a healthy diet. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that low pessimism rather than high optimism is associated with ideal cardiovascular health, especially with health behaviours such as not smoking, being physically active and eating a healthy diet. Socio-economic status was the potential mediating or confounding factor. Future studies should examine the differential meaning of the optimism/pessimism concepts to further clarify their relation to health outcomes. en
dc.description.uri http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/gpsh20/current en
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge) en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Psychology and Health en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0887-0446/ en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Is dispositional optimism or dispositional pessimism predictive of ideal cardiovascular health? The Young Finns Study en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/08870446.2015.1041394 en
pubs.issue 10 en
pubs.begin-page 1221 en
pubs.volume 30 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Taylor & Francis (Routledge) en
dc.identifier.pmid 25985260 en
pubs.author-url http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08870446.2015.1041394 en
pubs.end-page 1239 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 541249 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id School of Medicine en
pubs.org-id Psychological Medicine Dept en
dc.identifier.eissn 1476-8321 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-10-10 en
pubs.dimensions-id 25985260 en


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