Antecedents and consequences of system justification among the disadvantaged

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dc.contributor.advisor Sibley, C en Sengupta, Nikhil en 2016-10-31T01:58:23Z en 2016 en
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dc.description.abstract System Justification Theory proposes that unequal systems persist over time because even the people who are most disadvantaged by those systems are motivated to support them (Jost, Banaji & Nosek, 2004). However, large-scale analyses of system justification processes operating among members of low-status groups are extremely rare. Therefore, in the current thesis, I used data from a large, nationally representative survey in New Zealand to conduct five studies investigating the antecedents and consequences of system justification among members of ethnic minority groups. In Study 1, I helped clarify the conditions under which the disadvantaged express at least as much, if not more, support for unequal systems relative to members of the dominant group. Study 2 investigated the interpersonal antecedents of system justification, showing that friendships with members of the dominant group foster system-justifying responses among disadvantaged individuals, whereas friendships with fellow ingroup members foster system-challenging responses. Study 3 examined the psychological consequences of system justification, testing the conditions under which system-justifying beliefs would be palliative for members of low-status groups. This study showed that system-justifying beliefs are palliative specifically for those who are most disadvantaged by the system (i.e., members of low-status groups living in highly unequal conditions). Finally, Study 4 examined the political consequences of system justification, showing that system justification reduces political mobilization among the disadvantaged, but only up to a point – at high levels of system justification, political mobilization either levels off, or increases. Together these findings advance our understanding of why members of disadvantaged groups support the unequal systems under which they live, and how they come to resist those systems. Thus, they shed light on how democratic societies might become more equal over time—or why, indeed—they might not. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof PhD Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99264893113702091 en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
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dc.title Antecedents and consequences of system justification among the disadvantaged en
dc.type Thesis en Psychology en The University of Auckland en Doctoral en PhD en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.elements-id 544298 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-10-31 en

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