P-spline Vector Generalized Additive Models

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dc.contributor.advisor Wild, C en
dc.contributor.advisor Yee, T en
dc.contributor.author Somchit, Chanatda en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-24T20:38:43Z en
dc.date.issued 2016 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/31134 en
dc.description.abstract Vector generalized additive models (VGAMs) are an extension of the class of generalized additive models (GAMs) to include multivariate regression models in a very natural way by using vector smoothing. The current VGAM class is very large and includes many statistical distributions and models, for example, univariate and multivariate distributions, categorical data analysis, quantile and expectile regression, time series, survival analysis, extreme value analysis, and nonlinear least-squares models. Parameter estimation is performed by a combination of IRLS and modified vector backfitting using vector splines. A major issue, however, is that it is not easy to efficiently integrate smoothness estimation methods with the backfitting approach. The aim of this research study is to introduce a new efficient method based on penalized regression splines for estimating parameter coefficients to the VGAM class, and to integrate automatic numerical procedures to determine the shape of non-linear terms from the data into the VGAM framework. To achieve these, we develop VGAMs based on penalized regression splines using P-spline smoothers, which we term ‘P-spline VGAMs’. P-spline VGAMs are represented in this thesis as penalized vector generalized linear models (VGLMs), where each smooth component of a P-spline VGAM is represented using penalized B-splines or P-spline smoothers and has an associated discrete penalty measuring its wiggliness controlled by the smoothing parameter. P-spline VGAMs can be then fitted by the usual iteratively reweighted least squares (IRLS) scheme for VGLMs, except that a penalized least squares problem, in which the set of smoothing parameters must be estimated alongside the other model parameters, is solved at each iterate. The smoothing parameters are estimated by minimizing the approximate unbiased risk estimator (UBRE) using the computational procedure for the automatic and stable multiple smoothing parameter selection based on the pivoted QR decomposition and singular value decomposition. Importantly, the new fitting procedure is developed for the full range of VGAM models involving infrastructure such as constraints on model terms. This research study describes the theoretical and practical aspects of the proposed method (Pspline vector generalized additive models). The methods have been implemented as R functions and the practical performance of the proposed method is investigated and compared to the existing approaches (VGAMs based on the classical backfitting) via simulation. As an illustration of the developments, the proposed method is applied to data from a cross-sectional workforce study combined with a health survey from New Zealand during the 1990s, and data from a survey study of the pregnancy and birth process during 1990 2004; using several statistical models, which include the multinomial logit, proportional and non-proportional odds models, bivariate logistic model, and the LMS method for quantile regression. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof PhD Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99264917310402091 en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nz/ en
dc.title P-spline Vector Generalized Additive Models en
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.discipline Statistics en
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Auckland en
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.name PhD en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.elements-id 547026 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-11-25 en

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