Transacquisition Pedagogy for Bilingual Education: A Study in Kura Kaupapa Māori Schools

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dc.contributor.advisor Rata, E en
dc.contributor.advisor Courtney, M en Tamati, Sophie en 2016-12-14T03:20:00Z en 2016 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Kura kaupapa Māori have been a cornerstone of the movement in revitalising te reo Māori in Aotearoa/New Zealand. However, it appears that the reo Māori only approach used in kura has come at some cost to the students’ proficiency in English. Resolving the historical issues associated with English instruction in kura, and the uncertainty about when and how to transition students from te reo Māori to English, is the rationale for the development of transacquisition pedagogy. This thesis describes the theorising and design of transacquisition pedagogy for the biliterate teaching of academic English, as well as the trialling and evaluation of the pedagogy in an intervention study conducted in two kura. Transacquisition draws on Cummins’ (1978, 1981a) theory of developmental language interdependence; Hornberger’s (2003, 2004) idea of language evolution; and Williams’ (1994, 2002) pedagogical technique of translanguaging. The pedagogy engaged students in flexible bilingualism (Creese & Blackledge, 2010) and to use their languages interdependently in mutually supportive ways to accelerate the development of academic language and understanding of academic concepts. Underpinned by Kaupapa Māori principles, the kahikatea metaphor was used to illustrate the transacquisition analogy of symbolic tree root systems as interconnected cognitive and linguistic relationships. These relationships formed the bilingual student’s interrelational translingual network. This network functions as the transacquisitional zone of proximity (Vygotsky, 1962), within which the student’s linguistic and cognitive capabilities are synthesised to build new knowledge and understanding in both languages. Transacquisition pedagogy involved three sequential phases of developmental tasks. Each consecutive task built on the linguistic and cognitive function of the preceding task to accelerate bilingual and biliterate development. The tasking process used conceptual progression (Rata, 2015) to ensure that concepts are taught explicitly in an ordered, sequential way. This recognises Vygotsky’s (1962) claim that concept formation is “always part of a system of relationships, systematically built up over time to form hierarchical knowledge” (cited in Howe, 1996, p. 38). The transacquisitional tasking sequence of skim reading, word-surfing, three-on-three mapping, retelling and revoicing engaged the students in cross-linguistic meaning making and conceptual knowledge building. In contributing to the students’ increased confidence and self-efficacy, transacquisitional tasking provided the students with opportunities to behave as ‘language users’ to interpret, express and negotiate meaning in both languages. This improved their bilingual reading comprehension in English by helping them to make connections between the knowledge of the target text and their prior knowledge and experience. The quantitative findings from the intervention study showed that the kura students’ academic language, academic understanding, and reading comprehension in English improved significantly as a result of the eight-week intervention programme. The magnitude of the improvement was large and the rate of improvement very fast, well beyond what would be expected among similarly-abled English-medium students. In light of these findings, it is recommended that transacquisition pedagogy be adopted in 21st Century kura kaupapa Māori to equip the students with the academic and linguistic capabilities to succeed in a linguistically and culturally diverse society as regenerators of te reo Māori. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof PhD Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99264888508902091 en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
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dc.title Transacquisition Pedagogy for Bilingual Education: A Study in Kura Kaupapa Māori Schools en
dc.type Thesis en Education en The University of Auckland en Doctoral en PhD en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.elements-id 554766 en Education and Social Work en Te Puna Wananga en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-12-14 en

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