Guide and Position of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics on Personalised Nutrition: Part 1 - Fields of Precision Nutrition

Show simple item record Ferguson, Lynnette en De Caterina, R en Görman, U en Allayee, H en Kohlmeier, M en Prasad, C en Choi, MS en Curi, R en de Luis, DA en Gil, Á en Kang, JX en Martin, RL en Milagro, FI en Nicoletti, CF en Nonino, CB en Ordovas, JM en Parslow, VR en Portillo, MP en Santos, JL en Serhan, CN en Simopoulos, AP en Velázquez-Arellano, A en Zulet, MA en Martinez, JA en
dc.coverage.spatial Chapel Hill, North Carolina., USA, en 2017-05-01T02:54:50Z en 2016-01 en
dc.identifier.citation 9th Congress of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics, Chapel Hill, North Carolina., USA,, 17 May 2015 - 19 May 2015. Journal of nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics. Karger. 9: 12-27. Jan 2016 en
dc.identifier.issn 1661-6499 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Diversity in the genetic profile between individuals and specific ethnic groups affects nutrient requirements, metabolism and response to nutritional and dietary interventions. Indeed, individuals respond differently to lifestyle interventions (diet, physical activity, smoking, etc.). The sequencing of the human genome and subsequent increased knowledge regarding human genetic variation is contributing to the emergence of personalized nutrition. These advances in genetic science are raising numerous questions regarding the mode that precision nutrition can contribute solutions to emerging problems in public health, by reducing the risk and prevalence of nutrition-related diseases. Current views on personalized nutrition encompass omics technologies (nutrigenomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, foodomics, metabolomics, metagenomics, etc.), functional food development and challenges related to legal and ethical aspects, application in clinical practice, and population scope, in terms of guidelines and epidemiological factors. In this context, precision nutrition can be considered as occurring at three levels: (1) conventional nutrition based on general guidelines for population groups by age, gender and social determinants; (2) individualized nutrition that adds phenotypic information about the person's current nutritional status (e.g. anthropometry, biochemical and metabolic analysis, physical activity, among others), and (3) genotype-directed nutrition based on rare or common gene variation. Research and appropriate translation into medical practice and dietary recommendations must be based on a solid foundation of knowledge derived from studies on nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics. A scientific society, such as the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics (ISNN), internationally devoted to the study of nutrigenetics/nutrigenomics, can indeed serve the commendable roles of (1) promoting science and favoring scientific communication and (2) permanently working as a 'clearing house' to prevent disqualifying logical jumps, correct or stop unwarranted claims, and prevent the creation of unwarranted expectations in patients and in the general public. In this statement, we are focusing on the scientific aspects of disciplines covering nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics issues. Genetic screening and the ethical, legal, social and economic aspects will be dealt with in subsequent statements of the Society. en
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic en
dc.publisher Karger en
dc.relation.ispartof 9th Congress of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Guide and Position of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics on Personalised Nutrition: Part 1 - Fields of Precision Nutrition en
dc.type Conference Item en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1159/000445350 en
pubs.issue 1 en
pubs.begin-page 12 en
pubs.volume 9 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Karger en
dc.identifier.pmid 27169401 en
pubs.end-page 27 en
pubs.finish-date 2015-05-19 en
pubs.start-date 2015-05-17 en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Proceedings en
pubs.elements-id 529006 en
dc.identifier.eissn 1661-6758 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2017-05-01 en
pubs.dimensions-id 27169401 en

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