Archaeological implications of a widespread 13th Century tephra marker across the central Indonesian Archipelago

Show simple item record Alloway, Brent en Andreastuti, S en Setiawan, R en Miksic, J en Hua, Q en 2017-05-05T01:43:16Z en 2017-01-01 en
dc.identifier.citation Quaternary Science Reviews 155:86-99 01 Jan 2017 en
dc.identifier.issn 0277-3791 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Despite the occurrence of exceptionally large eruptions in the Indonesian Archipelago in recent historic times (i.e. Krakatoa 1883, Tambora 1815), no historic tephra beds have been widely identified in the terrestrial realm that could facilitate the correlation of equivalent aged sequences and/or archaeological remains. This study has identified one such tephra bed of 13th Century age that can be correlated throughout central-east Java and now can be unequivocally correlated with the Samalas 1257 A.D. tephra recently described from Lombok. The occurrence of this historic tephra marker extending ≥650 km west from its eruptive source provides the first opportunity to effect inter-regional correlation over large swathes of central Indonesia. It remains entirely conceivable that in the aftermath of this exceptionally large eruptive event there was considerable westward disruption to subsistence agriculture and trade, food shortages and famine, dislocation of affected populations and socio-political unrest on a scale that equalled or exceeded the catastrophic effects documented from the more recent Tambora 1815 A.D. eruption. Indeed the effects of this mid-13th Century eruption can be registered globally in a variety of records from Antarctica, Europe, Middle East and the Americas. Unfortunately, archaeological evidence indicating such disruption in mid-13th Century Indonesia is yet to be deciphered from the so-far sparse accounts and inscriptions of that time. However, this paucity of evidence does not diminish the utility of this widespread tephra bed as a unique chronostratigraphic marker for archaeological studies across large areas of central Indonesia. en
dc.publisher Pergamon Press Ltd. en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Quaternary Science Reviews en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Archaeological implications of a widespread 13th Century tephra marker across the central Indonesian Archipelago en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.11.020 en
pubs.begin-page 86 en
pubs.volume 155 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Pergamon Press Ltd. en
pubs.end-page 99 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 551966 en
dc.identifier.eissn 1873-457X en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2017-05-05 en

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