Services and Innovation for the Competitiveness of the Ecuadorian Economy

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dc.contributor.author Rubalcaba, L en
dc.contributor.author Gago, D en
dc.contributor.author Ariano, M en
dc.contributor.author Tripathi, Arvind en
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-31T05:32:25Z en
dc.date.issued 2016-07 en
dc.identifier.citation Rubalcaba, L., Gago, D., Ariano, M., & Tripathi, A. K. (2016). Services and Innovation for the Competitiveness of the Ecuadorian Economy (WPS7767). Washington, D.C: World Bank Group. en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/33199 en
dc.description.abstract Ecuador is one of the least diversified countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, depending heavily on oil and agriculture. This policy paper examines how services and innovation can play a role in transforming the Ecuadorian economy from one based on natural resources to one based on knowledge and services. The paper assesses the performance of the services sector and its contribution to other sectors. The paper shows that services make a significant contribution to the country's economic growth (albeit below the average for the region). However, the services sector in Ecuador performs poorly in productivity and trade competitiveness. Further, services do not add enough value for export providers and users over time. The deficit in the integration of business services, especially knowledge-intensive business services, is particularly high, affecting the competiveness of all sectors and their value chains. Among the drivers of productivity and competitiveness, innovation is the key quality and differentiation factor (as distinguished from price-related, regulatory, and competition factors). Innovation in Ecuadorian services firms does not significantly affect performance (for example, sales and exports), although innovation in manufacturing does improve the performance of manufacturing firms. Finally, the paper provides some conclusions and meaningful crosscutting policy recommendations for a services-related policy aimed at fostering competitiveness and innovation. Services need action in innovation policy (innovation programs could be better adapted to services innovation specificities), but also in areas such as coordination at the institutional level; internationalization and foreign direct investment; and quality, regulatory, and competition issues affecting the investment climate. en
dc.publisher World Bank Group en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy research working paper en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/992881468337274796/World-Bank-Open-Access-Policy-for-Formal-Publications en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.title Services and Innovation for the Competitiveness of the Ecuadorian Economy en
dc.type Report en
dc.description.version VoR - Version of Record en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: World Bank Group en
pubs.author-url http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/915381469468620713/Services-and-innovation-for-the-competitiveness-of-the-Ecuadorian-economy en
pubs.commissioning-body Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice Group en
pubs.place-of-publication Washington, D.C en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Working Paper en
pubs.elements-id 530759 en
pubs.org-id Business and Economics en
pubs.org-id Info Systems & Operations Mgmt en
pubs.number WPS7767 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-06-15 en


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