Differences that matter: From ‘gender’ to ‘ethnicity’ in contemporary Aotearoa New Zealand

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dc.contributor.author Simon-Kumar, Rachel en
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-18T03:28:47Z en
dc.date.issued 2011-12 en
dc.identifier.citation Women's Studies Journal 25(2):74-90 Dec 2011 en
dc.identifier.issn 0112-4099 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/34279 en
dc.description.abstract Gender and ethnicity are recognised as two of the leading axes of marginality in late twentieth century western liberal democratic societies – the former emerged in the wake of Second Wave feminism of the 1970s and the latter, with the rise of ‘identity politics’ in the 1980s and 1990s. Both have similarities. As categories of disadvantage, their basis is ‘natural’ in that the complex webs of social and political organisation, and consequent disadvantages, based on gender or ethnicity can be traced to physiology, that is, differences in either skin colour or sex. These are also, as Nancy Fraser (1997) points out, ‘bivalent categories’ of disadvantage in that gender and ethnicity display simultaneous discriminations in areas of resource allocation (Redistribution) and as socially acceptable identities (Recognition). Here, however, the common trajectory followed by these social markers ends. Drawing on the changing nature of society and governance in New Zealand, the present paper argues that the differences between gender and ethnicity, rather than their similarities, expose fundamental attributes of contemporary marginality in increasingly diverse western democracies. This paper advances the following proposition (and contradiction): in the past decade, ethnicity and diversity as an axis of social division has gained credibility and has markedly influenced political, economic and social (re)organisation in New Zealand, while in contrast, it has proven harder to justify gender as structural disadvantage. Thus, while the boundaries of ‘gender’ are ruptured, porous and, at moments, open to erasure, ‘ethnicity’ has coalesced to become a new, valid, and increasingly relevant border of social inequity. en
dc.publisher Women's Studies Association New Zealand en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Women's Studies Journal en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Differences that matter: From ‘gender’ to ‘ethnicity’ in contemporary Aotearoa New Zealand en
dc.type Journal Article en
pubs.issue 2 en
pubs.begin-page 74 en
pubs.volume 25 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: Women's Studies Association New Zealand en
pubs.author-url http://www.wsanz.org.nz/journal/docs/WSJNZ252SimonKumar74-90.pdf en
pubs.end-page 90 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 472609 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Population Health en
pubs.org-id Social & Community Health en
dc.identifier.eissn 1173-6615 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2015-01-14 en

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