Acceptability Study on HIV Self-Testing among Transgender Women, Men who Have Sex with Men, and Female Entertainment Workers in Cambodia: A Qualitative Analysis

Show simple item record Pal, K en Ngin, C en Tuot, S en Chhoun, P en Ly, C en Chhim, S en Luong, M-A en Tatomir, B en Yi, S en
dc.contributor.editor Andrei, G en 2017-10-12T02:16:22Z en 2016-11-09 en
dc.identifier.citation PLoS ONE 11(11):10 pages Article number e0166129 09 Nov 2016 en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Background In Cambodia, HIV prevalence is high while HIV testing rates remain low among transgender women (TG women), men who have sex with men (MSM), and female entertainment workers (FEW). Introducing self-testing for HIV to these key populations (KPs) could potentially overcome the under-diagnosis of HIV and significantly increase testing rates and receipt of the results, and thus could decrease transmission. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the acceptability of HIV self-testing (HIVST) among these three categories of KPs. Methods This study was conducted through focus group discussions (FGDs) with TG women, MSM, and FEW in Phnom Penh city, Kampong Cham, Battambang, and Siem Reap provinces of Cambodia. Convenience sampling was used to recruit the participants. Two FGDs (six participants in each FGD) were conducted in each target group in each study site, totaling 24 FGDs (144 participants). Thematic analysis was performed to identify common or divergent patterns across the target groups. Results Almost all participants among the three groups (TG women, MSM, and FEW) had not heard about HIVST, but all of them expressed willingness to try it. They perceived HIVST as confidential, convenient, time-saving, and high-tech. Barriers to obtaining HIVST included cost, access, administration technique, embarrassment, and fear of pain. The majority preferred counseling before and after testing. Conclusions Participants showed high willingness to use and acceptability of HIVST due to its confidentiality/privacy and convenience even if it is not linked to a confirmatory test or care and treatment. Notwithstanding, to increase HIVST, the target groups would need affordable self-test kits, education about how to perform HIVST and read results, assurance about accuracy and reliability of HIVST, and provision of post-test counseling and facilitation of linkage to care and treatment. en
dc.publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS) en
dc.relation.ispartofseries PLoS ONE en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Acceptability Study on HIV Self-Testing among Transgender Women, Men who Have Sex with Men, and Female Entertainment Workers in Cambodia: A Qualitative Analysis en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0166129 en
pubs.issue 11 en
pubs.volume 11 en
dc.description.version VoR - Version of Record en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 639031 en Arts en Social Sciences en Anthropology en
dc.identifier.eissn 1932-6203 en
pubs.number e0166129 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2017-10-12 en 2016-11-09 en

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