Victims’ race and sex leads to eyewitness misidentification of perpetrator’s phenotypic stereotypicality

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dc.contributor.author Davies, PG en
dc.contributor.author Hutchinson, S en
dc.contributor.author Osborne, Daniel en
dc.contributor.author Eberhardt, JL en
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-26T22:23:39Z en
dc.date.issued 2016 en
dc.identifier.citation Social Psychological and Personality Science 7(6):491-499 2016 en
dc.identifier.issn 1948-5506 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/36559 en
dc.description.abstract Eyewitness misidentification is the primary cause of wrongful convictions in North America. Discovering a discernible pattern to these errors is a critical step toward creating procedures that reduce the occurrence of these tragic mistakes. To these ends, we hypothesized that both the victims’ race and the victims’ sex may impact eyewitness identification for perpetrators of certain crime types. In two experiments, we demonstrated that a Black male drive-by shooter’s level of phenotypic stereotypicality is accurately identified by eyewitnesses only when the victims are Black males. Specifically, when eyewitnesses believe the victims are White or female, the drive-by shooter’s level of Black phenotypic stereotypicality is falsely elevated. In contrast, when a Black male perpetrator is suspected of committing a stereotypically non-Black crime (i.e., serial killing), the perpetrator’s level of phenotypic stereotypicality is accurately identified regardless of the victims’ race or sex. en
dc.publisher SAGE Publications en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Social Psychological and Personality Science en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Victims’ race and sex leads to eyewitness misidentification of perpetrator’s phenotypic stereotypicality en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/1948550616644655 en
pubs.issue 6 en
pubs.begin-page 491 en
pubs.volume 7 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: SAGE Publications en
pubs.end-page 499 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 537132 en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id Psychology en
dc.identifier.eissn 1948-5514 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2017-11-27 en
pubs.online-publication-date 2016-07-07 en


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