E-cigarettes for the management of nicotine addiction

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dc.contributor.author Knight-West, O en
dc.contributor.author Bullen, Christopher en
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-03T23:31:14Z en
dc.date.issued 2016-08 en
dc.identifier.citation Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation 7:111-118 Aug 2016 en
dc.identifier.issn 1179-8467 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/36654 en
dc.description.abstract In this review, we discuss current evidence on electronic cigarettes (ECs), a rapidly evolving class of nicotine delivery system, and their role in managing nicotine addiction, specifically in helping smokers to quit smoking and/or reduce the amount of tobacco they smoke. The current evidence base is limited to three randomized trials (only one compares ECs with nicotine replacement therapy) and a growing number of EC user surveys (n=6), case reports (n=4), and cohort studies (n=8). Collectively, these studies suggest modest cessation efficacy and a few adverse effects, at least with the short-term use. On this basis, we provide advice for health care providers on providing balanced information for patients who enquire about ECs. More research, specifically well-conducted large efficacy trials comparing ECs with standard smoking cessation management (eg, nicotine replacement therapy plus behavioral support) and long-term prospective studies for adverse events, are urgently needed to fill critical knowledge gaps on these products. en
dc.format.medium Electronic-eCollection en
dc.language eng en
dc.publisher Dove Medical Press en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1179-8467/ en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ en
dc.title E-cigarettes for the management of nicotine addiction en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.2147/sar.s94264 en
pubs.begin-page 111 en
pubs.volume 7 en
dc.description.version VoR - Version of Record en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
dc.identifier.pmid 27574480 en
pubs.end-page 118 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Review en
pubs.elements-id 540983 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Population Health en
pubs.org-id Pacific Health en
dc.identifier.eissn 1179-8467 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2017-12-04 en
pubs.dimensions-id 27574480 en

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