Dissipative Quantum Phase Transitions of Light: Generalized Jaynes-Cummings-Rabi Model

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dc.contributor.advisor Carmichael, H en
dc.contributor.author Gutierrez Jauregui, Ricardo en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-04-30T04:26:25Z en
dc.date.issued 2018 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/37105 en
dc.description.abstract The dissipative quantum phase transitions experienced by a driven optical system are studied in order to understand the underlying light-matter coupling. The primary system under study is composed of a cavity mode coupled to a two-level system with dissipation being introduced through the interaction with a surrounding environment; an external coherent field is included to drive the system out of the ground state. The coupling is given by a generalized Rabi Hamiltonian, where rotating, gr, and counter-rotating, ngr, couplings are both present and can be adjusted independently. A comprehensive study of the different phases the system can exhibit as gr and n are varied is presented. From this, we construct a bridge between two limiting scenarios: (i) the Jaynes-Cummings limit (n = 0), where the system undergoes a phase transition by means of the breakdown of the photon blockade, and (ii) the driven Dicke limit ( = 1 ), where the normal to super-radiant phase transition is found. Novel behaviour encountered in an intermediate regime (1 > n > 0) is discussed. Attention is drawn towards the strong coupling regime, where changes at the one-photon level induce nonlinear effects and behaviour reminiscent of phase transitions is encountered with just a few photons present. A comparison between weak and strong coupling regimes, and, thus, an exploration of the effect of fluctuations over quantum phase transitions of light, is given through a survey of the phases an auxiliary optical system exhibits. This system is composed of two coupled nonlinear cavities that are driven coherently and damped through the interaction with the environment; it is seen to exhibit three phases. Two phases present high-correlation between the cavities and are differentiated by the photon statistics, transitioning from classical to quantum. The third phase is characterized by a highly localized field in one of the cavities. The departure from mean-field results is highlighted and a new way to characterize the possible phases of the system is proposed. Finally, the crucial role of quantum fluctuations is quantified and used to define the phases at hand. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof PhD Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99265069814002091 en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nz/ en
dc.title Dissipative Quantum Phase Transitions of Light: Generalized Jaynes-Cummings-Rabi Model en
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.discipline Physics en
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Auckland en
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.name PhD en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.elements-id 738621 en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id Physics en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2018-04-30 en
dc.identifier.wikidata Q112200786

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