Sensing Large Strains by Measuring Light Attenuation in Elastomeric Waveguides

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dc.contributor.advisor Nielsen, P en
dc.contributor.advisor Taberner, A en
dc.contributor.author Seow, Michael en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-21T01:27:52Z en
dc.date.issued 2018 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/37159 en
dc.description Full text is available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland only. en
dc.description.abstract Soft actuators can bend and deform into many shapes and it is advantageous to be able to measure the position of the end of a soft actuator to provide feedback control. Relying solely on input measurements of the quantity that provides the energy for actuations (driving fluid pressure or volume in the case of pneumatic and hydraulic actuators) does not provide enough information to estimate the position considering that external forces will also have an impact on the resulting shape and position. Therefore, more direct position sensing methods such as strain sensing are required. These position sensing methods will need to satisfy a number of requirements to be suitable as a sensor for a soft actuator. The sensor must be able to detect larger strains ideally greater than 200 % to provide coverage for a large variety of movements. The sensor should be able to do this with a high degree of sensitivity and repeatability. In addition, it would be beneficial for the sensor to be relatively cheap and cost effective, and immune to or largely unaffected by electromagnetic interference. After considering different position and strain sensing technologies, a strain sensing method using light attenuation in an elastomeric waveguide was deemed the most appropriate. The light attenuation is characterized with a fit to the Beer-Lambert Law where the light power exponentially decreases as the distance increases from the light source. The elastomeric waveguide itself was inexpensive, easy to manufacture, and could undergo large strains with strains of up to 275 % under test (potentially to strains of up to 900 % as quoted in the product datasheet). Being an optical method, the sensor is immune to electrical or magnetic interference. Testing proved that the sensor was accurate and reliable over low numbers of stretching cycles. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof Masters Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99265079512802091 en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights Restricted Item. Available to authenticated members of The University of Auckland. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nz/ en
dc.title Sensing Large Strains by Measuring Light Attenuation in Elastomeric Waveguides en
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.discipline Bioengineering en
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Auckland en
thesis.degree.level Masters en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.elements-id 740682 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2018-05-21 en


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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nz/ Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nz/

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