Permanent Strain Behaviour of Marginal Granular Materials

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dc.contributor.author Li, W en
dc.contributor.author Wilson, Douglas en
dc.contributor.author Larkin, Thomas en
dc.contributor.author Black, Philippa en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-11T03:02:26Z en
dc.date.issued 2017 en
dc.identifier.issn 0361-1981 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/40822 en
dc.description.abstract To better understand the marginality of marginal granular materials (i.e., an aggregate that does not fully meet a premium quality specification), this study investigated the permanent strain behavior of two granular materials with different geological and mineralogical characteristics under repeated loading and different moisture conditions. The secant permanent strain rate and shakedown approach were used to analyze the permanent strain behavior of the materials. A one-dimensional swelling test was used to explain the mechanism of the permanent strain behavior of the soaked materials under repeated loading. The results show that compared with a New Zealand premium quality aggregate, the marginal aggregate exhibits a more significant increase in the cumulative permanent strain and the secant permanent strain rate after the 4-day soaking process. The results of the shakedown approach illustrate that the marginal aggregate performs reasonably well to resist permanent deformation in a dry condition, but the performance will considerably deteriorate when in contact with water under high stress. This change is a result of the presence of swelling clay minerals (e.g., smectite) in the marginal aggregates. The result of the one-dimensional swelling test indicates the high swelling potential of marginal aggregate, which provides an explanation for its poorer resistance to permanent strain. The marginal aggregate gains undesirable internal lubrication when surrounded by (moist) swelling clay mineral particles; thus, its shear strength reduces and permanent strain rate increases under repeated loading. en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Permanent Strain Behaviour of Marginal Granular Materials en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.3141/2655-08 en
pubs.begin-page 54 en
pubs.volume 2655 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.end-page 63 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 626882 en
pubs.org-id Engineering en
pubs.org-id Civil and Environmental Eng en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2017-05-22 en


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