Visual cue-specific craving is diminished in stressed smokers.

Show simple item record Cochran, Justinn en Consedine, Nathan en Lee, John MJ en Pandit, Chinmay en Sollers, John J en Kydd, Robert en 2018-10-11T20:56:55Z en 2017-09 en
dc.identifier.issn 0095-2990 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract Craving among smokers is increased by stress and exposure to smoking-related visual cues. However, few experimental studies have tested both elicitors concurrently and considered how exposures may interact to influence craving.The current study examined craving in response to stress and visual cue exposure, separately and in succession, in order to better understand the relationship between craving elicitation and the elicitor.Thirty-nine smokers (21 males) who forwent smoking for 30 minutes were randomized to complete a stress task and a visual cue task in counterbalanced orders (creating the experimental groups); for the cue task, counterbalanced blocks of neutral, motivational control, and smoking images were presented. Self-reported craving was assessed after each block of visual stimuli and stress task, and after a recovery period following each task.As expected, the stress and smoking images generated greater craving than neutral or motivational control images (p < .001). Interactions indicated craving in those who completed the stress task first differed from those who completed the visual cues task first (p < .05), such that stress task craving was greater than all image type craving (all p's < .05) only if the visual cue task was completed first. Conversely, craving was stable across image types when the stress task was completed first.Findings indicate when smokers are stressed, visual cues have little additive effect on craving, and different types of visual cues elicit comparable craving. These findings may imply that once stressed, smokers will crave cigarettes comparably notwithstanding whether they are exposed to smoking image cues. en
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Stress, Psychological en
dc.subject Smoking en
dc.subject Cues en
dc.subject Adolescent en
dc.subject Adult en
dc.subject Female en
dc.subject Male en
dc.subject Young Adult en
dc.subject Craving en
dc.subject Smokers en
dc.title Visual cue-specific craving is diminished in stressed smokers. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/00952990.2016.1253094 en
pubs.issue 5 en
pubs.begin-page 525 en
pubs.volume 43 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.identifier.pmid 27870557 en
pubs.end-page 533 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Randomized Controlled Trial en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 547134 en Medical and Health Sciences en School of Medicine en Psychological Medicine Dept en
dc.identifier.eissn 1097-9891 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-11-22 en
pubs.dimensions-id 27870557 en

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