Nutritional risk amongst community-living Maori and non-Maori older people in Hawke’s Bay

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dc.contributor.author McElnay, C en
dc.contributor.author Marshall, B en
dc.contributor.author O’Sullivan, J en
dc.contributor.author Jones, L en
dc.contributor.author Ashworth, T en
dc.contributor.author Hicks, Karen en
dc.contributor.author Forrest, RH en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-11T21:40:04Z en
dc.date.issued 2012-12 en
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Primary Health Care 4(4):299-305 Dec 2012 en
dc.identifier.issn 1172-6164 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/41019 en
dc.description.abstract INTRODUCTION: Maintaining good nutrition is vital for healthy ageing. Poor nutrition increases the risk of hospitalisation, disability and mortality. Research shows clinical malnutrition is preceded by a state of nutritional risk and screening can identify older people at risk of poor nutrition or who currently have impaired nutritional status. AIM: To assess the population prevalence of nutritional risk amongst community-living Maori and non- Maori older people in Hawke’s Bay. METHODS: A postal survey of 1268 people aged 65 years or older on the electoral roll for Hawke’s Bay was conducted. Nutritional risk was measured using the SCREEN II questionnaire. RESULTS: Responses from 473 people were received (43.8% male, 49.9% female, 6.3% unspecified) with an estimated average age of 74 years. Nutritional risk was present amongst 56.5% of older people with 23.7% at risk and 32.8% at high risk. Maori were 5.2 times more likely to be at nutritional risk than non-Maori. Older people living alone were 3.5 times more likely to be at nutritional risk than those living with others. The most frequent risk factors were low milk-product intake, perception of own weight being more or less than it should be, and low meat and alternatives intake. Skipping meals and low fruit and vegetable intake were additional frequent risk factors for Maori. DISCUSSION: Both living situation and ethnicity are associated with nutritional risk. Further investigation is needed to confirm these findings and to determine issues specific for older Maori, including barriers to good nutrition and opportunities for nutritional improvement. en
dc.publisher Royal New Zealand College of General Practitioners en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Primary Health Care en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.en_US en
dc.title Nutritional risk amongst community-living Maori and non-Maori older people in Hawke’s Bay en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1071/HC12299 en
pubs.issue 4 en
pubs.begin-page 299 en
pubs.volume 4 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
pubs.declined 2017-10-08T17:03:34.797+1300 en
pubs.end-page 305 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 547670 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-11-30 en


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