Examining the short term effects of emotion under an Adaptation Level Theory model of tinnitus perception.

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dc.contributor.author Durai, Mithila en
dc.contributor.author O'Keeffe, Mary en
dc.contributor.author Searchfield, Grant en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-14T23:57:08Z en
dc.date.issued 2017-03 en
dc.identifier.issn 0378-5955 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/41456 en
dc.description.abstract Existing evidence suggests a strong relationship between tinnitus and emotion. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of short-term emotional changes along valence and arousal dimensions on tinnitus outcomes. Emotional stimuli were presented in two different modalities: auditory and visual. The authors hypothesized that (1) negative valence (unpleasant) stimuli and/or high arousal stimuli will lead to greater tinnitus loudness and annoyance than positive valence and/or low arousal stimuli, and (2) auditory emotional stimuli, which are in the same modality as the tinnitus, will exhibit a greater effect on tinnitus outcome measures than visual stimuli.Auditory and visual emotive stimuli were administered to 22 participants (12 females and 10 males) with chronic tinnitus, recruited via email invitations send out to the University of Auckland Tinnitus Research Volunteer Database. Emotional stimuli used were taken from the International Affective Digital Sounds- Version 2 (IADS-2) and the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) (Bradley and Lang, 2007a, 2007b). The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (Gross and John, 2003) was administered alongside subjective ratings of tinnitus loudness and annoyance, and psychoacoustic sensation level matches to external sounds.Males had significantly different emotional regulation scores than females. Negative valence emotional auditory stimuli led to higher tinnitus loudness ratings in males and females and higher annoyance ratings in males only; loudness matches of tinnitus remained unchanged. The visual stimuli did not have an effect on tinnitus ratings. The results are discussed relative to the Adaptation Level Theory Model of Tinnitus.The results indicate that the negative valence dimension of emotion is associated with increased tinnitus magnitude judgements and gender effects may also be present, but only when the emotional stimulus is in the auditory modality. Sounds with emotional associations may be used for sound therapy for tinnitus relief; it is of interest to determine whether the emotional component of sound treatments can play a role in reversing the negative responses discussed in this paper. en
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Hearing research en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.subject Auditory Pathways en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Tinnitus en
dc.subject Chronic Disease en
dc.subject Acoustic Stimulation en
dc.subject Photic Stimulation en
dc.subject Adaptation, Psychological en
dc.subject Emotions en
dc.subject Irritable Mood en
dc.subject Auditory Perception en
dc.subject Visual Perception en
dc.subject Judgment en
dc.subject Psychoacoustics en
dc.subject Sex Factors en
dc.subject Adaptation, Physiological en
dc.subject Neuronal Plasticity en
dc.subject Time Factors en
dc.subject Adult en
dc.subject Middle Aged en
dc.subject New Zealand en
dc.subject Female en
dc.subject Male en
dc.subject Surveys and Questionnaires en
dc.title Examining the short term effects of emotion under an Adaptation Level Theory model of tinnitus perception. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.heares.2016.12.013 en
pubs.begin-page 23 en
pubs.volume 345 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.identifier.pmid 28027920 en
pubs.end-page 29 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 605535 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Population Health en
pubs.org-id Audiology en
dc.identifier.eissn 1878-5891 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-12-29 en
pubs.dimensions-id 28027920 en

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