Development of a Customisable Food Fraud Vulnerability Ranking Tool

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dc.contributor.advisor Quek, SY en Antunes Lopes, Fernando en 2018-10-15T20:32:22Z en 2018 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract To make the best use of limited resources, regulatory authorities and food companies must prioritise risk management actions towards risk-based approaches. They should also focus on risks with the greatest public health impact. Food safety crises can lead to substantial costs to corporations, countries, consumers, and even for an entire food segment ‘from farm to fork’. In this scenario, food fraud must be effectively prevented and mitigated after a suitable vulnerability assessment based on the most relevant knowledge available. The purpose of this study was to develop a robust method for evaluating public health and economic impact of food fraud, in addition to the assessment of vulnerability factors proposed by expert panels. In other words, a spreadsheet wherein a regulatory agency or a food corporation, could evaluate these three components together by customising the relative weights, and designing and adjusting criteria to make more informed decisions, thus prioritising the allocation of resources. The criteria were mainly data-driven, based on nearly 1,000 food fraud incident records from around the globe. All relevant information recorded in the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Food Fraud Database has been analyzed to provide invaluable prevention and mitigation insights. The tool is divided into three main modules. The red module refers to the public health assessment, the blue assesses the vulnerability of the ingredients, and the green and last module evaluates the economic impact. The methodology chosen is based on two main benchmarks: a US-FDA risk-ranking tool for microbiological hazards in fresh produce and a New Zealand document from the Ministry for Primary Industries used to update entire food legislation towards a risk-based approach. Furthermore, the USP Mitigation Guidance developed by a food fraud expert panel was essential in determing some public health criteria, supplemented by World Health Organization-risk assessment principles. Finally, this tool has been tested to compare food ingredients regarding their vulnerability and impact on decision-making processes of risk managers by assessing public health factors and the food fraud history. Resources can be directed towards higher risks and weaker points to prevent and mitigate negative public health exposure and the financial impact. Keywords: food fraud, risk-based approach, risk-ranking tool, vulnerability assessment, and USP Food Fraud Database. en
dc.publisher ResearchSpace@Auckland en
dc.relation.ispartof Masters Thesis - University of Auckland en
dc.relation.isreferencedby UoA99265135606902091 en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
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dc.title Development of a Customisable Food Fraud Vulnerability Ranking Tool en
dc.type Thesis en Food Science en The University of Auckland en Masters en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.elements-id 754849 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2018-10-16 en

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