Taking stock of the local impacts of community owned renewable energy: a review and research agenda

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dc.contributor.author Berka, Anna en
dc.contributor.author Creamer, E en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-17T00:32:42Z en
dc.date.available 2017-10-26 en
dc.date.issued 2017-11-02 en
dc.identifier.issn 1364-0321 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/42303 en
dc.description.abstract A growing literature suggests that community owned renewable energy (CRE) projects have the potential to deliver a range of environmental and local socio-economic benefits. There is relatively little empirical evidence to substantiate this, with few systematic efforts to assess social and environmental impacts or to understand the context in which given impacts arise. In this paper, we review and conceptualise the local impacts commonly cited in the literature and dissect the empirical evidence currently available to support their occurrence. Having assessed the quality of evidence and pinpointed knowledge gaps, we draw on methodological literature to identify approaches necessary to improve our understanding of the local impacts of CRE and explore their patterns of occurrence. We find a lack of robust survey and statistical evidence across all the seven impact categories identified. Of the impacts identified, ‘empowerment’ and ‘access to affordable energy’ are found to be the least studied. In addition, several impacts are associated only with specific types of community energy projects. We argue that the paucity of consistent evidence for direct impacts associated with the development processes and direct outcomes of projects suggests that the most substantial local impacts result from medium to long term indirect project outcomes and the investment of project revenues in the local community. As such, collective funding pools and negotiation processes around their distribution towards private versus public goods play a crucial role in determining transformative local impacts of CRE. en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.subject Community energy; ownership; renewable energy; impact assessment; local impacts; United Kingdom. en
dc.title Taking stock of the local impacts of community owned renewable energy: a review and research agenda en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.rser.2017.10.050 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Review en
pubs.elements-id 701625 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2017-10-27 en
pubs.online-publication-date 2017-11-02 en

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