Depressive symptomatology, weight status and obesogenic risk among Australian adolescents: a prospective cohort study.

Show simple item record Hoare, Erin en Millar, Lynne en Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew en Skouteris, Helen en Nichols, Melanie en Malakellis, Mary en Swinburn, Boyd en Allender, Steven en 2018-10-19T02:53:27Z en 2016-03-14 en
dc.identifier.citation BMJ Open 6(3):e010072 14 Mar 2016 en
dc.identifier.issn 2044-6055 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES:Adolescence is a period of increased risk for mental health problems and development of associated lifestyle risk behaviours. This study examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between obesogenic risk factors, weight status, and depressive symptomatology in a cohort of Australian adolescents. DESIGN:Prospective cohort study. SETTING:The study used repeated measures data from the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) It's Your Move project, an Australian community-based obesity prevention intervention. Intervention effect was non-significant therefore intervention and comparison groups were combined in this study. PARTICIPANTS:Total sample was 634 secondary school students (female n=338, male n=296) with mean age 13 years (SD=0.6) at baseline (2012) and 15 years (SD=0.6) at follow-up (2014) recruited from 6 government secondary schools in the ACT. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES MEASURES:Primary outcome was depressive symptomatology measured by Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire. Secondary outcomes were weight status, physical activity, screen time and diet related measures. RESULTS:Increased physical activity was associated to lower depressive symptomatology among males (OR=0.35, p<0.05). Sweet drink (OR=1.15, p<0.05) and takeaway consumption (OR=1.84, p<0.05) were associated with higher levels of depressive symptomatology among females at follow-up. Males who were classified as overweight or obese at baseline, and remained so over the study period, were at increased risk of depressive symptomatology at follow-up (b=1.63, 95% CI 0.33 to 2.92). Inactivity among males over the 2-year study period was predictive of higher depressive symptomatology scores at follow-up (b=2.55, 95% CI 0.78 to 4.32). For females, those who increased their consumption of takeaway foods during the study period were at increased risk for developing depressive symptomatology (b=1.82, 95% CI -0.05 to 3.71). CONCLUSIONS:There are multiple, probably complex, relationships between diet, physical activity and outcomes of obesity and mental health as well as between the outcomes themselves. Healthier diets and increased physical activity should be foundations for healthier body weight and mental health. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:ACTRN12615000842561; Results. en
dc.format.medium Electronic en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries BMJ open en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Body Weight en
dc.subject Exercise en
dc.subject Diet en
dc.subject Risk Factors en
dc.subject Follow-Up Studies en
dc.subject Prospective Studies en
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies en
dc.subject Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice en
dc.subject Adolescent Behavior en
dc.subject Feeding Behavior en
dc.subject Depression en
dc.subject Risk-Taking en
dc.subject Life Style en
dc.subject Adolescent en
dc.subject Australia en
dc.subject Female en
dc.subject Male en
dc.subject Pediatric Obesity en
dc.subject Surveys and Questionnaires en
dc.title Depressive symptomatology, weight status and obesogenic risk among Australian adolescents: a prospective cohort study. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010072 en
pubs.issue 3 en
pubs.begin-page e010072 en
pubs.volume 6 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
dc.identifier.pmid 26975934 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't en
pubs.subtype research-article en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.subtype Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural en
pubs.elements-id 525094 en Medical and Health Sciences en Population Health en Epidemiology & Biostatistics en
dc.identifier.eissn 2044-6055 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2016-03-16 en
pubs.dimensions-id 26975934 en

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