The New Zealand Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD): A new suite of indicators for social and health research in Aotearoa, New Zealand.

Show simple item record Exeter, Daniel en Zhao, Jinfeng en Crengle, Sue en Lee, Arier en Browne, Michael en 2018-11-12T20:46:17Z en 2017-01 en
dc.identifier.citation PLoS One 12(8): Article number e0181260 03 Aug 2017 en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract For the past 20 years, the New Zealand Deprivation Index (NZDep) has been the universal measure of area-based social circumstances for New Zealand (NZ) and often the key social determinant used in population health and social research. This paper presents the first theoretical and methodological shift in the measurement of area deprivation in New Zealand since the 1990s and describes the development of the New Zealand Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD). We briefly describe the development of Data Zones, an intermediary geographical scale, before outlining the development of the New Zealand Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD), which uses routine datasets and methods comparable to current international deprivation indices. We identified 28 indicators of deprivation from national health, social development, taxation, education, police databases, geospatial data providers and the 2013 Census, all of which represented seven Domains of deprivation: Employment; Income; Crime; Housing; Health; Education; and Geographical Access. The IMD is the combination of these seven Domains. The Domains may be used individually or in combination, to explore the geography of deprivation and its association with a given health or social outcome. Geographic variations in the distribution of the IMD and its Domains were found among the District Health Boards in NZ, suggesting that factors underpinning overall deprivation are inconsistent across the country. With the exception of the Access Domain, the IMD and its Domains were statistically and moderately-to-strongly associated with both smoking rates and household poverty. The IMD provides a more nuanced view of area deprivation circumstances in Aotearoa NZ. Our vision is for the IMD and the Data Zones to be widely used to inform research, policy and resource allocation projects, providing a better measurement of area deprivation in NZ, improved outcomes for Māori, and a more consistent approach to reporting and monitoring the social climate of NZ. en
dc.format.medium Electronic-eCollection en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries PloS one en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Housing en
dc.subject Censuses en
dc.subject Geography en
dc.subject Crime en
dc.subject Social Justice en
dc.subject Socioeconomic Factors en
dc.subject Child en
dc.subject Health en
dc.subject Employment en
dc.subject Income en
dc.subject Taxes en
dc.subject New Zealand en
dc.title The New Zealand Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD): A new suite of indicators for social and health research in Aotearoa, New Zealand. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0181260 en
pubs.issue 8 en
pubs.begin-page e0181260 en
pubs.volume 12 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
dc.identifier.pmid 28771596 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype research-article en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 644800 en Medical and Health Sciences en Population Health en Epidemiology & Biostatistics en
dc.identifier.eissn 1932-6203 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2017-08-03 en
pubs.dimensions-id 28771596 en

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