Giardia infection in Auckland and New Zealand: Trends and international comparison

Show simple item record Hope, V.T. en Scragg, R. en Hoque, M.E. en 2009-07-23T01:37:35Z en 2009-07-23T01:37:35Z en 2002 en
dc.identifier.citation New Zealand Medical Journal 115 (1150), 121-123. 2002 en
dc.identifier.issn 0028-8446 en
dc.identifier.other eid=2-s2.0-0037155980 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description An open access copy of this article is available and complies with the copyright holder/publisher conditions. en
dc.description.abstract Aims. To describe the epidemiological pattern of Giardia infection in the Auckland region and compare it with national and international patterns of Giardia infection. Methods. Anonymised giardiasis notification data from the Auckland District Health Board for the period July 1996 to June 2000 were analysed by person, place and time. Infection rates and relative risks were calculated and compared with national and international information. Results. Auckland had a significantly higher rate of Giardia infection than New Zealand as a whole. Infection rates, which peaked during February-May, were significantly higher in Pakeha/Europeans and Asian/others, compared with Maori/Pacificans. Adjusted notification rates were higher for residents of North Shore and Auckland cities than for other areas of Auckland. The crude regional and national notification rates were almost six times the rate of laboratory identification of positive isolates in the UK and four times US reported rates. Conclusions. The higher rates of giardiasis observed in Auckland and New Zealand, in comparison with other developed countries, may be related to environmental or social factors. Missing ethnicity information precludes clear interpretation of variations in notification rate by ethnic group and suggests a need for improvement in data collection. There are opportunities to investigate the influence of risk factors on seasonal changes in notification rates both locally and nationally. en
dc.publisher NZMA en
dc.relation.ispartofseries New Zealand Medical Journal en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Details obtained from en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Giardia infection in Auckland and New Zealand: Trends and international comparison en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.subject.marsden Fields of Research::320000 Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.issue 1150 en
pubs.begin-page 121 en
pubs.volume 115 en
dc.description.version VoR - Version of Record en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: New Zealand Medical Association (NZMA) en
dc.identifier.pmid 12013302 en
pubs.end-page 123 en
dc.rights.accessrights en

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