Antenatal and Postnatal Determinants of Behavioural Difficulties in Early Childhood: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand.

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dc.contributor.author D'Souza, Stephanie en
dc.contributor.author Waldie, Karen en
dc.contributor.author Peterson, Elizabeth en
dc.contributor.author Underwood, Lisa en
dc.contributor.author Morton, Susan en
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-27T01:07:33Z en
dc.date.issued 2019-02 en
dc.identifier.issn 0009-398X en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/45562 en
dc.description.abstract Behavioural difficulties during early childhood have significant implications for multiple outcomes later in life. Child behavioural difficulties at 2 years of age (N = 6246) were assessed by mothers enrolled in a longitudinal, population-based New Zealand cohort study. 10.1% of children had total difficulties scores in the abnormal range on the preschool version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. After controlling for maternal education, poverty, and child's birth age/weight, several antenatal and postnatal maternal health and family risk factors were significant for: (i) emotional problems (antenatal maternal perceived stress, lack of periconceptional folate, and moderate to severe maternal postnatal anxiety); (ii) hyperactivity-inattention (antenatal maternal perceived stress, mothers' antenatal exposure to secondhand smoke, moderate to severe maternal postnatal anxiety, and low maternal self-evaluation); (iii) conduct problems and total difficulties (antenatal maternal perceived stress, verbal inter-parental conflict and low maternal self-evaluation). The identification of risk and protective factors associated with early childhood difficulties are vital for guiding intervention and prevention efforts. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Child psychiatry and human development en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Perinatal Care en
dc.subject Risk Factors en
dc.subject Cohort Studies en
dc.subject Child Behavior en
dc.subject Mothers en
dc.subject Child Behavior Disorders en
dc.subject Preventive Psychiatry en
dc.subject Psychopathology en
dc.subject Age of Onset en
dc.subject Pregnancy en
dc.subject Socioeconomic Factors en
dc.subject Adult en
dc.subject Child, Preschool en
dc.subject New Zealand en
dc.subject Female en
dc.subject Male en
dc.subject Surveys and Questionnaires en
dc.title Antenatal and Postnatal Determinants of Behavioural Difficulties in Early Childhood: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s10578-018-0816-6 en
pubs.issue 1 en
pubs.begin-page 45 en
pubs.volume 50 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.end-page 60 en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 744666 en
pubs.org-id Arts en
pubs.org-id Arts Research en
pubs.org-id Compass en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Population Health en
pubs.org-id Social & Community Health en
pubs.org-id School of Medicine en
pubs.org-id Psychological Medicine Dept en
pubs.org-id Science en
pubs.org-id Psychology en
dc.identifier.eissn 1573-3327 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2018-06-04 en
pubs.dimensions-id 29860616 en


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