Demographic and Social-Cognitive Factors Associated with Weight Loss in Overweight, Pre-diabetic Participants of the PREVIEW Study

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Show simple item record Hansen, S en Huttunen-Lenz, M en Sluik, D en Brand-Miller, J en Drummen, M en Fogelholm, M en Handjieva-Darlenska, T en Macdonald, I en Martinez, JA en Larsen, TM en Poppitt, Sally en Raben, A en Schlicht, W en 2019-03-18T01:43:19Z en 2018-12 en
dc.identifier.citation International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 25(6):682-692 Dec 2018 en
dc.identifier.issn 1070-5503 en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description.abstract PURPOSE:Weight loss has been demonstrated to be a successful strategy in diabetes prevention. Although weight loss is greatly influenced by dietary behaviors, social-cognitive factors play an important role in behavioral determination. This study aimed to identify demographic and social-cognitive factors (intention, self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, social support, and motivation with regard to dietary behavior and goal adjustment) associated with weight loss in overweight and obese participants from the PREVIEW study who had pre-diabetes. METHOD:Prospective correlational data from 1973 adult participants were analyzed. The participants completed psychological questionnaires that assessed social-cognitive variables with regard to dietary behavior. Stepwise multiple regression analyses were performed to identify baseline demographic and social-cognitive factors associated with weight loss. RESULTS:Overall, being male, having a higher baseline BMI, having a higher income, perceiving fewer disadvantages of a healthy diet (outcome expectancies), experiencing less discouragement for healthy eating by family and friends (social support), and lower education were independently linked to greater weight loss. When evaluating females and males separately, education was no longer associated with weight loss. CONCLUSION:The results indicate that a supportive environment in which family members and friends avoid discouraging healthy eating, with the application of a strategy that uses specific behavior change techniques to emphasize the benefits of outcomes, i.e., the benefits of a healthy diet, may support weight loss efforts. Weight loss programs should therefore always address the social environment of persons who try to lose body weight because family members and friends can be important supporters in reaching a weight loss goal. en
dc.publisher Springer Verlag en
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Behavioral Medicine en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.title Demographic and Social-Cognitive Factors Associated with Weight Loss in Overweight, Pre-diabetic Participants of the PREVIEW Study en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s12529-018-9744-x en
pubs.issue 6 en
pubs.begin-page 682 en
pubs.volume 25 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
pubs.end-page 692 en
dc.rights.accessrights en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 753061 en Science en Biological Sciences en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2018-09-13 en 2018-08-20 en
pubs.dimensions-id 30128932 en

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