Protection Motivation Theory (PMT), risk of drowning, and water safety perceptions of adult caregivers/parents

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dc.contributor.author Moran, Kevin en
dc.contributor.author Webber, Jonathon en
dc.contributor.author Stanley, T en
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-27T02:34:05Z en
dc.date.issued 2018 en
dc.identifier.citation Open Sports Sciences Journal 11:50-59 2018 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/46547 en
dc.description.abstract Background: While the circumstances surrounding drowning incidents in high income countries are well known, little is known about how members of the public perceive the risk of drowning and their role in drowning prevention. Objective: The purpose of the study was to analyze caregiver/parent perceptions of the risk of drowning in terms of risk (threat) appraisal processes and coping appraisal processes. Method: This study utilized Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) to analyse parent’s perception of the risk of drowning as part of an evaluation of a water safety program. Participants (N = 174) completed a pre-intervention survey that sought information on their water competency, open water experience, previous instruction, and perceptions of drowning risk. Results: In terms of risk appraisal processes, more females, Asian peoples, and those with lower self-reported swimming and rescue competency perceived greater severity of drowning risk and greater vulnerability to that risk when swimming in open water. In terms of coping appraisal processes, males, non-Asian peoples and those with self-reported good swimming and rescue competencies were more likely to report confidence in the self-efficacy of their preventive actions. Conclusion: Considerable variations in risk (threat) appraisal and coping appraisal processes in respect of the risk of drowning were evident. The implications of the findings on water safety education are discussed. Ways of promoting water safety and drowning prevention are examined and recommendations for future research studies to address limitations of the study are made. en
dc.description.uri https://catalogue.library.auckland.ac.nz/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=uoa_alma51205410830002091&context=L&vid=NEWUI&search_scope=Combined_Local&tab=books&lang=en_US en
dc.publisher Bentham open en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Open Sports Sciences Journal en
dc.relation.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.title Protection Motivation Theory (PMT), risk of drowning, and water safety perceptions of adult caregivers/parents en
dc.type Journal Article en
pubs.begin-page 50 en
pubs.volume 11 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
pubs.author-url https://opensportssciencesjournal.com/VOLUME/11/PAGE/50/FULLTEXT/ en
pubs.end-page 59 en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Article en
pubs.elements-id 769369 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id School of Medicine en
pubs.org-id Anaesthesiology en
dc.identifier.eissn 1875-399X en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-04-25 en
pubs.online-publication-date 2018-07-31 en


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