Prosodically Conditioned Consonant Duration in Djambarrpuyŋu.

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dc.contributor.author Jepson, Kathleen en
dc.contributor.author Fletcher, Janet en
dc.contributor.author Stoakes, Hywel en
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-28T21:28:25Z en
dc.date.issued 2019-03 en
dc.identifier.issn 0023-8309 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/46817 en
dc.description.abstract Cross-linguistically, segments typically lengthen because of proximity to prosodic events such as intonational phrase or phonological phrase boundaries, a phrasal accent, or due to lexical stress. Australian Indigenous languages have been claimed to operate somewhat differently in terms of prosodically conditioned consonant lengthening and strengthening. Consonants have been found to lengthen after a vowel bearing a phrasal pitch accent. It is further claimed that this post-tonic position is a position of prosodic strength in Australian languages. In this study, we investigate the effects of proximity to a phrasal pitch accent and prosodic constituent boundaries on the duration of stop and nasal consonants in words of varying lengths in Djambarrpuyŋu, an Australian Indigenous language spoken in northeast Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia. Our results suggest that the post-tonic consonant position does not condition longer consonant duration compared with other word-medial consonants, with one exception: Intervocalic post-tonic consonants in disyllabic words are significantly longer than word-medial consonants elsewhere. Therefore, it appears that polysyllabic shortening has a strong effect on segment duration in these data. Word-initial position did not condition longer consonant duration than word-medial position. Further, initial consonants in higher-level prosodic domains had shorter consonant duration compared with domain-medial word-initial consonants. By contrast, domain-final lengthening was observed in our data, with word-final nasals preceding a pause found to be significantly longer than all other consonants. Taken together, these findings for Djambarrpuyŋu suggest that, unlike other Australian languages, post-tonic lengthening is not a cue to prosodic prominence, whereas prosodic domain-initial and -final duration patterns of consonants are like those that have been observed in other languages of the world. en
dc.format.medium Print-Electronic en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Language and speech en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.title Prosodically Conditioned Consonant Duration in Djambarrpuyŋu. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/0023830919826607 en
pubs.begin-page 23830919826607 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The author en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/RestrictedAccess en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 765948 en
pubs.org-id Engineering en
pubs.org-id Engineering Science en
dc.identifier.eissn 1756-6053 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-03-03 en
pubs.dimensions-id 30823853 en


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