Evaluation of an intensive education program on the treatment of tobacco-use disorder for pharmacists: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

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dc.contributor.author El Hajj, Maguy Saffouh en
dc.contributor.author Awaisu, Ahmed en
dc.contributor.author Kheir, Ahmed en
dc.contributor.author Mohamed, Mohamad Haniki Nik en
dc.contributor.author Haddad, Rula Shami en
dc.contributor.author Saleh, Rana Ahmed en
dc.contributor.author Alhamad, Noora Mohammed en
dc.contributor.author Almulla, Ahmad Mohd en
dc.contributor.author Mahfoud, Ziyad R en
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-19T21:13:38Z en
dc.date.issued 2019-01-08 en
dc.identifier.citation Trials 20(1):25 08 Jan 2019 en
dc.identifier.issn 1745-6215 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2292/47232 en
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND:Tobacco use is presently responsible for the death of over seven million people across the world. In Qatar, it is one of the main causes of premature deaths and preventable diseases. To reduce tobacco use, Qatar has ratified the World Health Organization (WHO)'s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and has implemented many tobacco-control initiatives. In spite of these measures, tobacco use is still considered a public health threat in Qatar. Pharmacists practicing in retail/community pharmacy settings are often the first port of call for individuals requiring general health advice. Evidence has proven that they have a pivotal role in health promotion and disease prevention including tobacco cessation. However, pharmacists in Qatar are not actively involved in tobacco control and many have not received any education or training about smoking cessation counseling in the past. In an effort to build the capacity of pharmacists towards tobacco control in Qatar, the aim of the proposed study is to design, implement, and evaluate an intensive education program on tobacco dependence treatment for pharmacists in Qatar. METHODS/DESIGN:The study will be a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing an intensive tobacco-related education program versus non-tobacco-related training on pharmacists' tobacco-use-related knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, and skills. Community pharmacists practicing in Qatar will be eligible for participation in the study. A random sample of pharmacists will be selected for participation. Consenting participants will be randomly allocated to intervention or control groups. Participants in the intervention group will receive an intensive education program delivered by a multi-disciplinary group of educators, researchers, and clinicians with expertise in tobacco cessation. A short didactic session on a non-tobacco-related topic will be delivered to pharmacists in the control group. The study has two primary outcomes: post-intervention tobacco-related knowledge and post-intervention skills for tobacco cessation assessed using a multiple-choice-based evaluation instrument and an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), respectively. The secondary study outcomes are post-intervention attitudes towards tobacco cessation and self-efficacy in tobacco-cessation interventions assessed using a survey instrument. An additional secondary study outcome is the post-intervention performance difference in relation to tobacco-cessation skills in the practice setting assessed using the simulated client approach. DISCUSSION:If demonstrated to be effective, this education program will be considered as a model that Qatar and the Middle East region can apply to overcome the burden of tobacco-use disorder. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov, ID: NCT03518476 . Registered on 8 May 2018. Version 1/22 June 2018. en
dc.format.medium Electronic en
dc.language eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Trials en
dc.rights Items in ResearchSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. en
dc.rights.uri https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/docs/uoa-docs/rights.htm en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Tobacco Use Disorder en
dc.subject Data Interpretation, Statistical en
dc.subject Prospective Studies en
dc.subject Sample Size en
dc.subject Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice en
dc.subject Smoking Cessation en
dc.subject Research Design en
dc.subject Education, Pharmacy, Continuing en
dc.subject Pharmacists en
dc.subject Community Pharmacy Services en
dc.subject Outcome Assessment (Health Care) en
dc.subject Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic en
dc.title Evaluation of an intensive education program on the treatment of tobacco-use disorder for pharmacists: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/s13063-018-3068-7 en
pubs.issue 1 en
pubs.begin-page 25 en
pubs.volume 20 en
dc.rights.holder Copyright: The authors en
pubs.publication-status Published en
dc.rights.accessrights http://purl.org/eprint/accessRights/OpenAccess en
pubs.subtype Clinical Trial Protocol en
pubs.subtype research-article en
pubs.subtype Journal Article en
pubs.elements-id 760638 en
pubs.org-id Medical and Health Sciences en
pubs.org-id Pharmacy en
dc.identifier.eissn 1745-6215 en
pubs.record-created-at-source-date 2019-01-10 en
pubs.dimensions-id 30621772 en


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